By George Nafziger, Mariusz T. Wesolowski
The 1st very specific reference paintings on either the Polish military of the Duchy of Warsaw 1807-14, the Polish forces within the French military and the Saxon military 1791-1813. this is often the main entire and thorough learn of the Poles and Saxon through the wars of Napoleon, together with their association, uniforms, and bills in their functionality at the battlefield. From the determined motion of a handful of Poles protecting a Spanish fort to big armies dealing with off to figure out the destiny of Europe, this paintings is researched from resources formerly unavailable to any however the so much ardent historian. large orders of conflict, organizational information and crusade money owed.
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Additional info for Poles and Saxons of the Napoleonic Wars
Bazna returned to being a kavass. 3 In the latter part of 1942 he took a job in the home of Albert Jenke, a prominent German businessman, long resident in Turkey and temporarily appointed to Germany’s embassy staff, promoted early in 1943 to the rank of minister and made assistant to Papen. Bazna eventually fell under suspicion by the Jenkes. ‘‘I did not shrink from poking my nose into my employer’s correspondence, both private and official,’’ he would later acknowledge, and he secretly took photographs of some of the letters he found.
Churchill ignored the caution early in 1943, when he insisted on meeting with Ino¨ nu¨ and planned a trip to Turkey. He and senior military personnel journeyed to Adana soon after the end of the Allied leaders’ meetings in Casablanca, acting against the advice of his foreign secretary, who believed the visit was doomed to failure—as Churchill indeed discovered for himself when the Turks’ fear of Germany kept them firm about building up their military before any involvement. 10 In mid-1943, however, following the victories in North Africa and with the collapse of Italy imminent, the prime minister and some other British leaders began to insist that Ankara finally commit itself to helping the Allies in concrete ways.
Despising himself as a failure yet eager for money, he then hit upon a scheme: ‘‘Why not set up as a spy? The idea fascinated me and would not let me go. I made up my mind that I would do it, and sell my services more dearly than anyone else did. ’’ Such postwar statements cannot be given much credence. That his life took the direction it did actually rested upon opportunities he could not have foreseen. 5 Mrs. Busk was expecting a baby, which later was born in Istanbul. Two points about the employment interview are significant in the spy affair.