By W. A. Schaffer (auth.)
This booklet makes an attempt to teach, in a method appropriate to either lecturers and moved quickly making plans executives, how easy analytic instruments can be utilized to bridge the giant hole among generating an input-output desk and utilizing one. In pursuing this aim, we eschew all discussions of advanced programming types, for instance, and focus on, principally, interpretation of the transactions desk itself, on such universal instruments as multipliers, influence research, projections versions, and self-sufficiency research, and on a couple of concepts akin to income-per-employee indices, improvement simulators, and industry research exercises. Our fundamental objective has been to teach how planners, either inner most and public, can use local input-output research fast and to their virtue. The Georgia Interindustry examine was once backed by way of the workplace of making plans and price range and the dept of and exchange of the kingdom of Georgia; their aid is gratefully said. The fmal research file, of which this e-book represents a considerable revision, benefited tremendously from the help and incisive criticisms of Dr. William W. Nash, then with the place of work of making plans and Bud~t; his efforts are warmly preferred. Many different officers in Georgia executive contributed to this research, together with: Louis Schneider and Kenneth P. Johnson within the' workplace of PlaJ}ning and price range; James O. Bohanan, James Butler, George Rogers, and H.W. Wiley within the division of and exchange; Joe Woodall and Corine go within the division of work; William M. Nixon within the division of Audits; and J .B.
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Additional info for On the use of input-output models for regional planning
An impressive 16 out of 28 industries sell over 50 percent of their products out of state. The list is topped by the transportation-equipment industry, which sells 89 percent of its output out of state, mostly to the federal government. The apparel industry exports 83 percent of its output, followed Closely by the electrical machinery and textiles industries. 3 But this chart should not be interpreted to mean that Georgia shows an export surplus (exports in excess of imports) in each of her industries.
In regional terms, the production system can be expressed as II II r ~Xi/·+VI·+ ~ml'I'+ ~nk'=x" i=1 i=1 k=1 I I (j=1,2,3, ... s). Our lower-case convention defines all regional variables except m ij , which is competitive imports by industry j from an industry i which exists outside the regional system. 4b, the variable nkj is defined as N kj . Xi' In the technical system, m ij has no counterpart. The whole purpose of our trade-pattern calculations is to estimate regional exports, ei , and then divide Aij .
S). ~Nk'=X" k=1 I I Here Xii represents the purchases by industry j from industry i within the system of s industries, Vj represents the value added by producers in industry j in the base system, and Nki represents the purchases by industry j from industry k, which is one of r industries existing out~ide the system (Nkj is noncompetitive imports). Xi is the total input (output) of industry j in the base system. In regional terms, the production system can be expressed as II II r ~Xi/·+VI·+ ~ml'I'+ ~nk'=x" i=1 i=1 k=1 I I (j=1,2,3, ...