Modern Literary Theory and Ancient Texts: An Introduction by Thomas A. Schmitz(auth.)

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By Thomas A. Schmitz(auth.)

This e-book presents scholars and students of classical literature with a pragmatic advisor to fashionable literary thought and feedback. utilizing a transparent and concise method, it navigates readers via a variety of theoretical methods, together with Russian Formalism, structuralism, deconstruction, gender reviews, and New Historicism.

  • Applies theoretical ways to examples from old literature
  • Extensive bibliographies and index make it a worthy source for students within the box

Chapter 1 Russian Formalism (pages 17–25):
Chapter 2 Structuralism (pages 26–42):
Chapter three Narratology (pages 43–62):
Chapter four Mikhail Bakhtin (pages 63–76):
Chapter five Intertextuality (pages 77–85):
Chapter 6 Reader?Response feedback (pages 86–97):
Chapter 7 Orality ? Literacy (pages 98–112):
Chapter eight Deconstruction (pages 113–139):
Chapter nine Michel Foucault and Discourse research (pages 140–158):
Chapter 10 New Historicism (pages 159–175):
Chapter eleven Feminist Approaches/Gender reports (pages 176–194):
Chapter 12 Psychoanalytic methods (pages 195–204):

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77]: on the one hand, the single utterance (parole), and on the other hand, the system of rules that underlies these utterances (langue). This system is not in the possession of one single user of a language; instead, it is the collective property of all its speakers. Our first reaction would be to assume that langue is just the sum of all paroles of a language or that it is an abstraction that has been made a posteriori. 15]. Think 28 Structuralism of the way we see our own language: when we say that someone “speaks English,” we do not mean that (s)he has knowledge of the abstract rules of English (native speakers usually do not know much about the grammar of their language), nor would we say this about someone who can merely reproduce sentences and expressions (s)he has heard, but is incapable of forming sentences herself or himself.

This method does not regard the single literary work a system and object of investigation, but sees single works as instances of parole and applies the methodology of structuralism to the higher level of langue. Narratology, to be discussed in the next chapter, is the field where this approach has probably been most productive. Here, I want to present another area where structuralist approaches have been very succesful, the analysis of literary genres. Attempts to categorize literary texts into specific classes are as old as scholarly interest in literature; they start in antiquity with Plato (especially in the Republic) and Aristole (especially the Poetics).

The difference between both approaches is so fundamental that we should spend some time examining it. In classics, a diachronic model of studying language has always been preponderant, and it is still going strong today. If you look at a Latin dictionary or grammar, you will find that they usually distinguish between classical, preclassical, and postclassical usage of words and forms. But Structuralism 29 doesn’t that mean that long periods of the Latin language are treated as being either “not yet” or “no more”?

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