By William C. Y. Lee
Revised and enlarged model that discusses the right way to layout a cellular communications approach. Comprehensively examines the cellular radio surroundings. Covers prediction of propagation loss, calculation and techniques of lowering fades, interference, frequency plans and linked schemes, layout parameters, signaling and channel entry, mobile CDMA, microcell structures, and miscellaneous comparable structures. includes chapter-by-chapter references and difficulties.
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Extra info for Mobile communications design fundamentals (Wiley Series in Telecommunications)
However the base-station antenna is always higher than most of its surroundings, and the mobile antenna is usually only 3 m (10 ft) above the ground. Even though the medium is homogeneous, the signal-to-noise ratio S/N received at the mobile unit is different from that of the base station, for the following reason: Since the produced noise is dominated by automotive ignition noise (see Sections 64. 6), the noise source is closer to the mobile antenna than to the base-station antenna. The noise received at the mobile antenna is thus higher than that at the base-station antenna.
2. In the table it can be seen that attenuation loss due to the accretion of snow on the antenna is proportional to both the frequency and the thickness of the snow on the apparatus. It is also affected by the condition of the ice or snow, and the location of ice or snow on the antenna. 4 THE MOBILE RADIO ENVIRONMENT RECIPROCITY PRINCIPLE The reciprocity principle states that a signal field strength is received the same at a base-station antenna from a mobile transmitter as it is received at the mobile-unit antenna from the base-station transmitter.
CPD of Rayleigh curve. 20) is graphed in Fig. 12. Changing the mean power levels shifts the curves, but the slopes remain the same. In other words, the mean power level of each curve can be found by checking the 63% level on the graph. Rician CPD The Rician CPD is obtained by integrating Eq. 22) When ar » V>2, we substitute the expansion series of Eq. 15) into Eq. 23) The Rician CPD with different values of a0 is shown in Fig. 13. 4 Level-Crossing Rate (1er) and Average Duration of Fades (adf)7 We count the crossings at the positive slopes at a level A.