By Rick Derksen
Up to now many years Balto-Slavic accentology has turn into more and more vital for the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European. This research attempts to explain the phenomenon of metatony in Baltic, i.e. the phenomenon that during sure Baltic varieties a morpheme exhibits the reflex of the Balto-Slavic circumflex intonation the place we might anticipate the reflex of the intense intonation (m?tatonie douce) or vice versa (m?tatonie rude). the topic unavoidably contains an inquiry into the beginning of the Lithuanian and Latvian tone platforms. additionally, it calls for the evaluation of a giant variety of etymologies. within the ultimate bankruptcy of the e-book, the advancements that are thought of to be suitable to the increase of metatony are integrated right into a relative chronology. The research is predicated on a finished choice of information, together with facts from Lithuanian and Latvian dialects and outdated Lithuanian. compared to past reviews at the topic, the Latvian proof performs a necessary position. This publication attempts to illustrate that the price of Latvian facts for Balto-Slavic accentology has hitherto now not been totally well-known.
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Extra info for Metatony In Baltic.(Leiden Studies in Indo-European 6)
3 . 3 . The laryngeals, which by now had developed into a glottal stop , were lost in posttonic syllables without compensatory length ening. In stressed syllables the glottal stop became a feature of the preceding vowel. As a result, the timbre distinctions between the old short vowels and the short vowels which resulted from the loss of the laryngeals in the first posttonic syllable became phonological . In pre tonic syllables, where at an earlier stage the laryngeals had been lost with compensatory lengthening, the quantitative oppositions were rephonernicized as timbre distinctions.
G. Latv. duona, saiile, briilis, ga lva, iizis, sifds : Lith. duona l , sriule 1 , br6lis 1 , galva 3 , oiys 3 , sirdis 3 . g. Latv . ruoka, draugs, auss : Lith. rankil 2, draiigas 4 , ausis 4 (for more examples, see Derksen 1 99 1 : 50-5 1 ) . While i t is clear that the Latvian sustained tone is the regular reflex of the acute intonation in stressed syllables, opinions greatly differ as to the origin of the broken tone. According to the classical expla qation, the broken tone originated when the stress was retracted to an acute vowel, for instance in the oxytone case forms of a mobile paradigm.
Lsg. metu, 2sg. m eti, 3 m et a ( m esti 'to throw ' ) , cf. the reflexive forms lsg. skutUos(i), 2 sg. skut ies(i), 3 skut as(i) ( skustis 'to shave') . g. ko (2) vs. veda, n eveda (4) . The equivalent of A P 3 has largely been eliminated as a consequence of de Saussure 's 11 law , which entailed a stress shift from proclitics to a following acute root. The only remnants of this class in Lithuanian are end-stressed participial forms, such as duodijs, edijs, cf. Latv. duomu, imu with a broken tone reflecting earlier accentual mobility ( Kortlandt 1 977 : 327).