Metalanguage in Interaction: Hebrew Discourse Markers by Yael Maschler

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By Yael Maschler

Metalanguage in interplay is ready the crystallization of metalanguage hired all through interplay into the discourse markers which permeate speak. in response to shut research of naturally-occurring Hebrew dialog, it's a synchronic research of the grammaticization of discourse markers, a phenomenon formerly in general studied from a diachronic standpoint. It constitutes the 1st monograph within the fields of Hebrew interactional linguistics and Hebrew discourse markers. The ebook first provides what's precise to the current method of discourse markers and offers them an operational definition. Discourse markers are explored as a method, illuminating their patterning by way of functionality, constitution, and the moments in interplay at which they're hired. subsequent, distinct research of 4 Hebrew discourse markers illuminates not just the capabilities and grammaticization styles of those markers, but additionally what they display approximately indispensable points of Israeli society, identification, and tradition. the belief discusses commonalities and modifications within the grammaticization styles of the 4 markers, and relates the grammaticization of discourse markers from interplay to projectability in discourse.

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2004:€153, emphasis mine). Excerpt 5 is precisely an example of such a “nonce use of an intransitive verb with a direct object”. This excerpt thus makes the ties between discourse and grammar apparent both in the structural patterning of discourse markers and in their relations to the syntactic structures of the language. This concludes the third patterning involving discourse markers illustrated in this chapter. ╇ Introduction  fulfill, and (3) their structural properties. Combining the first and third patterns discussed here, we see that the system of discourse markers permeating Hebrew interaction constitutes part of a larger, iconic system of grammatical and prosodic features (and most likely kinesic ones as well), helping participants distinguish higher-order frame shifts from those that are more subtle in nature.

Argument structure’ needs to be replaced by a greatly enriched probabilistic theory capturing the entire range of combinations of predicates and participants that people have stored as sorted and organized memories of what they have heard and repeated over a lifetime of language use. (2001:€47). The current use of the verb mitbadeax (‘joking, kidding around’) as a transitive verb is not a very ‘entrenched’ use at all, one with a rather low probability in Thompson and Hopper’s proposed probabilistic theory of argument structure.

Grammaticization of discourse markers Studies in the Social Sciences often focus on the tension between structure and event. An event among people, be it a news broadcast, talk show, job interview, or casual conversation, takes place against the background of a structure, a fixed scheme functioning as a mold for that event. As this structure is employed in the various events of that genre, however, a process of negotiation takes place. This process leads to changes in the initial structure and to the emergence of a new structure.

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