Designed for speedy reference, this full-color instruction manual presents succinct, bulleted info on over three hundred of the best laboratory checks and diagnostic tactics. Entries are prepared alphabetically and persist with a constant structure: objective of the try out, sufferer coaching, method steps, post-test care, precautions, general findings or reference values (including SI values), irregular findings and scientific implications, and components affecting the accuracy of effects. habitual icons spotlight attainable post-test problems and pediatric and geriatric considerations.
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Additional info for Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice Series: Diagnostic Tests
Apply direct pressure to the venipuncture site until bleeding stops. PRECAUTIONS ● Handle the sample gently to prevent hemolysis. ● Send the sample to the laboratory immediately. REFERENCE VALUES The normal titer is less than 1:100 for antithyroglobulin and antimicrosomal antibodies. ABNORMAL FINDINGS The presence of antithyroglobulin or antimicrosomal antibodies in serum can indicate subclinical autoimmune thyroid disease, Graves’ disease, or idiopathic myxedema. Titers of 1:400 or greater strongly suggest Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Site. ● The arterial sample is analyzed for partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2). Also examined are barometric pressure (Pb), water vapor pressure (PH2O), and fractional concentration of inspired oxygen (FIO2) (21% for room air). 25 (PaCO2) a/A ratio = PaO2 Ϭ PAO2 A-aDO2 = PAO2 – PaO2 PURPOSE ● To evaluate the efficiency of gas ex- change ● To assess the integrity of the ventilatory control system ● To monitor respiratory therapy PATIENT ● Watch for bleeding from the puncture PREPARATION ● Explain to the patient that the a/A ratio test is used to evaluate how well the lungs are delivering oxygen to the blood and eliminating carbon dioxide.
When hGH levels fail to reach 10 ng/ml, retesting is required at the same time of day as the original test. m. , perform a venipuncture and collect 6 ml of blood (basal sample) in a clot-activator tube. ● Use an indwelling venous catheter to avoid repeated venipunctures. V. 5 g/kg of body weight) in normal saline solution, and continue for 30 minutes. V. infusion, and then draw a total of three 6-ml samples at 30minute intervals. Collect each sample in a clot-activator tube, and label it appropriately.