Lesser-Known Languages of South Asia: Status and Policies, by Anju Saxena, Lars Borin

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By Anju Saxena, Lars Borin

We don't this present day know the way the language scenario in a multilingual zone akin to South Asia can be stricken by smooth info and communique applied sciences: Will linguistic variety be reinforced or weakened as they develop into more and more ordinary in all walks of existence? In an try and handle this question, this quantity brings jointly articles on South Asian descriptive linguistics and sociolinguistics, documentary linguistics, problems with highbrow and cultural estate and fieldwork ethics, and language expertise. Our objective in doing this is often to supply the reader with a few uncomplicated wisdom in regards to the difficulties concerned and a few instructions from which options will be coming near near.

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Extra info for Lesser-Known Languages of South Asia: Status and Policies, Case Studies and Applications of Information Technology (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 175)

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When a state has many smaller linguistic groups other than the first three groups, their percentages are mentioned in Column 6. The states in set A – Kerala, Punjab, Gujarat, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh – have a negligible percentage of minor speech groups in terms of population, with the majority language spoken by more than 85% inhabitants of the state. Under set B, one gets states where the majority language group accounts for over 70% of the population but one still finds a sizable linguistic minority.

Caldwell (1856), who introduced the Sanskrit word Dravida to designate the speech community. Among Dravidian languages, besides the four internationally known languages (Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam), there are 26 languages by the current count, of which 25 are spoken in India and one (Brahui) is spoken Status of lesser-known languages in India 33 in Baluchistan on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. Spoken by more than 300 million people in South Asia, the antiquity of Dravidian languages is largely due to the rich grammatical and linguistico-literary tradition of Classical Tamil (Annamalai 2003).

No. Languages Speakers Percentage 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Assamese Bengali Bodo Dogri Gujarati Hindi Kannada Kashmiri 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 13% Prior to the appearance of these 14 languages in the Schedule VIII, these languages had acquired different denominations at different stages of preparation and formulation of the Indian Constitution. The Congress party described them as “national languages”. The original aim of naming some languages in the Constitution seemed to be to prepare a list of languages to be used in administration, expression of science and technology in independent India.

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