Language change and language contact in pidgins and creoles by John H McWhorter; Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics

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By John H McWhorter; Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics

This publication collects a variety of fifteen papers provided at 3 conferences of the Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics in 1996 and 1997. the point of interest is on papers which process concerns in creole reports with novel views, handle understudied pidgin and creole forms, or compellingly argue for debatable positions. The papers exhibit how pidgins and creoles make clear matters equivalent to verb Read more...

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The cultural importance of Mindelo must have contributed to both the presumed and the genuine autonomy of this variety. Admittedly, the linguistic distance between the varieties does not justify speaking of separate languages in the sense of “Abstandsprachen” as defined by Kloss (1967), but neither is the term “dialect” an adequate expression, since it does not convey the fact that the Kabuverdianu varieties are products of separate creolization processes. Veiga (1995: 29) expresses a diametrically opposed point of view by maintaining that all Kabuverdianu varieties share a common deep structure: “E isto significa que em Cabo Verde não há nove crioulos como alguns ingenuamente afirmam, mas um único Crioulo, o qual actualiza-se em diversas variantes dialectais” (‘And this means that there are not nine creoles on the Cape Verde Islands as some naively pretend but a single Creole which is realized as different dialectal variants’; translation mine).

18 The situation in Guinea-Bissau Creole and Louisiana Creole is, however, more ambiguous. We have yet to determine which trigger the Guinea-Bissau Creole-speaking child uses to allow the verb to raise past quantifiers. In the case of Louisiana Creole, it is difficult to reconcile overt morphology as a trigger for V-raising with the fact that in this creole, it is precisely the bare verb stems which raise, and not the full verb stems, despite their being endowed with the suffix -e. If the analysis here is on the right track, then it is reasonable to assume that there are more triggers for verb movement than theories proposed so far have been able to identify.

Bobaljik and C. ), 59-98. Kihm, A. 1994. Kriyol Syntax: The Portuguese-based Creole Language of Guinea-Bissau. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Koopman, H. 1984. The Syntax of Verbs: From Verb-movement Rules in the Kru Languages to Universal Grammar. Dordrecht: Foris. Neumann, I. 1985. Le Créole de Breaux Bridge, Louisiane: Étude Morphosyntaxique, Textes, Vocabulaire. Hamburg: Helmut Buske. Neumann, I. 1987. Textes Anciens en Créole Louisianais. Hamburg: Helmut Buske. Platzack, C. 1988. “The emergence of a word order difference in Scandinavian subordinate clauses”.

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