By Peter Eaton
This booklet examines the connection among land tenure, conservation and rural improvement within the context of the Southeast Asian archipelago. particularly, it really is all in favour of humans dwelling in and round nationwide parks and different safe parts. It discusses the price of reinforcing indigenous tenure and sustainable source use practices and of together with them in guidelines and tasks that try to combine conservation and improvement.
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Extra info for Land Tenure, Conservation and Development in Southeast Asia (Routledgecurzon Contemporary Southeast Asia Series)
Here the land links during the Pleistocene were between Australia and New Guinea. Wallace’s line was subsequently modiﬁed by Huxley so that it divided Borneo from the Philippines (with the exception of Palawan), and another division to the east of Sulawesi has been suggested by Weber (Oesterzee 1997). The history and biogeography of the islands have resulted in a high degree of endemicity; species are unique to certain areas and islands and found nowhere else. In the Philippines, which has been separated from other land masses by deep marine trenches, 44 per cent of all bird species are endemic, 64 per cent of mammals, and 70 per cent of reptiles (World Resources Institute 2000).
In this respect it is interesting to compare it with the early stages of the Sagarmatha National Park in the Mount Everest region of Nepal. Here the local Sherpas were initially alienated by the top–down approach adopted towards its planning and their exclusion from forest areas by the military. In addition, the piles of garbage left by walkers and climbers contrasted with the success of clean-up programmes in the Annapurna area. However a more participatory 28 Introduction approach has also now been adopted in Sagarmatha; buffer zones have been established and community based development projects have been promoted, the villagers now receive a larger share of the park revenues and climbing fees.
Lodges have been improved, with better sanitation and waste disposal methods being introduced. Traditional resource management institutions have been revived, and the collection of fees from visitors has helped to provide revenues for development activities. A system of zoning operates within the Conservation Area, based partly on the biosphere approach and also on current land use (Stevens 1997: 249). There is a wilderness zone subject to strict nature protection; this comprises the high mountain areas.