Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People by Keiichi Takahashi (auth.), Hiroya Kawanabe, Machiko Nishino,

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By Keiichi Takahashi (auth.), Hiroya Kawanabe, Machiko Nishino, Masayoshi Maehata (eds.)

This booklet makes a speciality of the long term interactions among humans and nature in and round Lake Biwa, one of many oldest lakes on the planet. as a result, it not just covers the features of the biota of this historical lake, but in addition techniques it as a ‘cultural historical lake.’
Furthermore, numerous difficulties affecting the lake, specifically fresh environmental adjustments that happened sooner than and after Japan’s speedy financial progress of the Fifties and 60s, are reviewed, together with water pollutants, lakeshore improvement and the reclamation of hooked up lakes, alien and invasive species, and difficulties on the topic of the new warming of the weather.
Lastly, via studying info on those difficulties amassed by means of the neighborhood executive and citizens of the lake basin, the publication offers a complete outlook at the way forward for Lake Biwa and people’s existence. As such, it presents quintessential info for everybody engaged in enhancing and holding water regimes all over the world, in addition to humans drawn to the tradition and heritage of Japan.

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Extra resources for Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People

Sample text

The terrace surfaces have been accumulated deformation of reverse gradient to the west (upper stream) side, caused by reverse faulting. The deference of formational processes of the terraces between the east and the west areas is mainly caused by activity of the Biwako west coast fault system as master fault. Topographic Development and Alluvium in the Coastal Plain The largest lake plain in Japan is developed around Lake Biwa. The Koto plain in the east is composite alluvial lowland that was formed by Yasu, Hino, Echi, and Inukami Rivers.

These findings indicated the presence of unstable shallow waters of swamps in the later stage of Paleo-lakes Gamo. In the Katata Formation, the diatom fossils were represented by the assemblage of Fragilaria, Gomphonema, Cymbella, and Achnathes. The composition of species did not change through the formation. The diatom assemblage predominated by these benthic species suggests that Paleolake Katata presumably was not a stable lake (Research Group for Natural History of Lake Biwa 1986). Paleo-lake Katata was a small and shallow lake and located in the Katata area on the southwest shore of present Lake Biwa.

Some of the lakes formed in the basins disappeared later, and others suffered transgression. Paleo-lake Biwa did not always remain a stable condition, and it was filled up with fluvial sediments twice during its history. However, the sedimentary basin itself did not suffer transgression, and it had maintained its freshwater condition until today. The history since the formation of Paleo-lake Biwa until the present Lake Biwa was reviewed by Kawabe (1994) and Yoshikawa and Ymasaki (1998), and Satoguchi (2011).

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