Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures by Cynthia C. Chernecky PhD RN CNS AOCN FAAN, Barbara J.

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By Cynthia C. Chernecky PhD RN CNS AOCN FAAN, Barbara J. Berger MSN RN

Glance no extra for speedy, entire solutions to questions similar to which laboratory checks to reserve or what the consequences may well suggest. Laboratory exams And Diagnostic tactics, fifth version covers extra checks than the other reference of its type, with over 900 lab exams and diagnostic methods in all. partly I, you will find a special, alphabetical checklist of countless numbers of ailments, stipulations, and indicators, together with the checks and systems most ordinarily used to substantiate or rule out a suspected prognosis. half II provides key info on nearly each laboratory and diagnostic try out on hand. All attempt entries are up to date, concise, whole, and regularly awarded, making this source the fitting selection for college kids or practitioners who desire quick, actual details on diagnostic assessments. Over six hundred illnesses and signs are indexed partly I, with the main suitable assessments pointed out for every. greater than 900 laboratory assessments and diagnostic methods are incorporated partially II, greater than the other reference! prepared alphabetically, with revealed A-to-Z thumb tabs that make it effortless to show to acceptable sections within the e-book. substitute attempt names and acronyms are cross-referenced that will help you quick locate what you are looking for. checks for poisonous ingredients are integrated, in addition to Panic point signs and remedy for dangerously increased degrees. Age and gender-specific norms are supplied, supplying you with whole lifespan assurance. dangers and Contraindications are highlighted that can assist you guard your sufferers and supply potent care. minimal volumes for blood samples are integrated, supporting you diagnose sufferers for whom blood maintenance is key. you will additionally see even if blood specimens might be drawn in the course of hemodialysis. distinctive consent shape requisites are indicated for acceptable checks. advice for consumer and relatives instructing is helping you provide worthy guideline bearing on try practise and follow-up care. 12 new try out entries current the most recent exams and strategies on hand, together with: Procalcitonin; Calcium scoring; Vascular endothelial progress issue; Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy; RD1 interferon assays for tuberculosis; and OraQuick swift HIV try out. greater trim measurement and enhanced layout make important details more straightforward to find.

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Copyright © 2008 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier C CABG (see Coronary artery bypass graft ) Cachexia (see Kwashiorkor or Marasmus ) Calculi (see Renal calculi or Biliary calculi ) Cancer (See Brain tumors , Breast cancer , Cervical cancer , Colon cancer , Endocrine tumors , Esophageal cancer , Ganglioneuroblastoma , Gastric cancer , Glucagonoma , Head and neck cancer , Hepatomas , Insulinoma , Leukemia , Liver cancer , Lung cancer , Lymphoma , Melanoma , Metastasis , Multiple myeloma , Neuroblastoma , Ovarian cancer , Pancreatic cancer , Pheochromocytoma , Prostate cancer , Renal cell cancer , Sarcoma , Testicular cancer , Thyroid cancer , Uterine cancer , Vaginal cancer , or Wilms' tumor ) Candidiasis (see Thrush , Vaginitis ) Cannabis Drug Abuse (see Drug abuse ) Carbohydrate-Deficient Glycoprotein S yndrome • Transferrin, Carbohydrate-deficient, Serum Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Bicarbonate, Blood • Blood gases, Arterial, Blood (Oxygen saturation) • Carbon monoxide, Blood Carboxyhemoglobin, Blood Cardiac enzymes/isoenzymes, Blood CO-oximeter profile, Blood Creatine kinase, Serum Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Methemoglobin, Blood Myoglobin, Qualitative, Urine Oximetry, Diagnostic Toxicology drug screen, Blood or Urine Page 138 Carcinoma (see Cancer ) Cardiogenic S hock (see Shock ) Cardiomyopathy Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum Biopsy, Site-specific (Right ventricular endomyocardium), Specimen Cardiac enzymes/isoenzymes, Blood Cardiac output, Diagnostic Cardiac catheterization, Diagnostic Cardiac radiography, Diagnostic • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Chemistry profile, Blood Chest radiography, Diagnostic Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Coronary intravascular ultrasonography, Diagnostic Creatine kinase, Serum Doppler ultrasonic flow studies (Transthoracic), Diagnostic • Echocardiography, Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electron microscopy (for Cardiomyopathy), Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, Blood Lactate dehydrogenase, Blood Lactate dehydrogenase, Isoenzymes, Blood Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Natriuretic peptides, Plasma Stress/exercise test, Diagnostic Stress test, Pharmacologic, Diagnostic Thyroid-stimulating hormone, Sensitive assay, Blood Transesophageal ultrasonography, Diagnostic Viral culture, Specimen Carpal Tunnel S yndrome Electromyography and nerve conduction studies, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance neurography, Diagnostic Cat-S cratch Disease • Biopsy, Site-specific (Lymph node), Specimen Page 139 Bone scan, Diagnostic • Culture, Routine, Specimen Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Liver battery, Serum Lupus test, Blood • Rochalimaea henselae, Antibody, Serum Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Skin test for hypersensitivity, Diagnostic Cataracts Galactokinase, Blood Visual acuity test, Diagnostic Celiac S prue Barium enema, Diagnostic Barium swallow, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific (Small bowel/jejunum), Specimen Carotene, Serum Chemistry profile, Blood Complete blood count, Blood • • Endomysial antibody, Serum Fecal fat, Quantitative, 72-hour stool Prothrombin time and INR, Blood Raji cell immune complex assay, Blood Red blood cell morphology, Blood Red blood cell size distribution width, Blood Sigmoidoscopy, Diagnostic • d-Xylose absorption test, Diagnostic, Serum Cerebral Aneurysm (see Aneurysm, Cerebral ) Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations • Magnetic resonance angiography, Diagnostic Cerebral Infarction (see Cerebrovascular accident ) Cerebral Infections (see Encephalitis or Meningitis ) Cerebral Palsy Page 140 Ammonia, Blood and urine (Blood) Brain ultrasonography, Diagnostic Cerebral computed tomography, Diagnostic Chloride, Serum Chromosome analysis, Blood Electroencephalography, Diagnostic Electromyography and nerve conduction studies, Diagnostic Magnetic resonance imaging (Brain, spinal cord), Diagnostic • Potassium, Serum • Sodium, Plasma, Serum or urine Thyroid function test, Blood Cerebrovascular Accident Activated partial thromboplastin time and partial thromboplastin time, Plasma Basic metabolic panel, Blood Brain scan, Cerebral flow and pathology, Diagnostic • Cerebral computed tomography, Diagnostic Cerebrospinal fluid, Lactic acid, Specimen Cerebrospinal fluid, Routine analysis, Specimen Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Spiral), Diagnostic Creatine kinase, Serum Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Doppler ultrasonographic flow studies (Carotid), Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Homocysteine, Plasma or urine Magnetic resonance angiography, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance imaging (of Brain) (Diffusion-weighted), Diagnostic Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Diagnostic Oximetry, Diagnostic Platelet count, Blood Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Transesophageal ultrasonography, Diagnostic Cervical Cancer • Cervical-vaginal cytology, Specimen Colposcopy, Diagnostic Conization of cervix, Diagnostic Dual modality imaging, Diagnostic Human papillomavirus in situ hybridization, Specimen Ki-67 proliferation marker, Specimen Page 141 • Pap smear, Diagnostic Pap smear, Ultrafast, Diagnostic Squamous cell carcinoma antigen, Serum Telomerase enzyme marker, Blood Thymidylate synthase, Specimen Urinary chorionic gonadotropin peptide, Urine Cervical S pondylosis Computed tomography of body (Spine), Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Radiography (Cervical disks of spine), Diagnostic Cervicitis • Cervical-vaginal cytology, Specimen Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) Genital, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Culture Herpesvirus antigen, Direct fluorescent antibody, Specimen • Histopathology, Specimen Human papillomavirus in situ hybridization, Specimen Rapid plasma reagin test, Blood Trichomonas preparation, Specimen Urine culture and nucleic acid amplification tests for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Urine Urinary chorionic gonadotropin peptide, Urine Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Serum Chancroid Culture, Routine, Specimen • Genital, Bacillus Haemophilus ducreyi, Culture Herpesvirus antigen, Direct fluorescent antibody, Specimen Tzanck smear, Specimen Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Serum Viral culture, Specimen (for Herpes simplex) Chest Pain (see Angina pectoris , Myocardial infarction , Pleurisy , or Pneumonia ) Chickenpox Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood • Varicella-zoster virus serology, Serum • Tzanck smear, Specimen Viral culture, Specimen Page 142 Chlamydia Cervical culture Cervical-vaginal cytology, Specimen • Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) Lymphogranuloma venereum titer, Blood Ocular cytology, Specimen Psittacosis titer, Blood Cholecystitis Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Alkaline phosphatase, Serum Amylase, Serum Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum • Bilirubin, Serum Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic • Gallbladder and biliary system ultrasonography, Diagnostic Hepatobiliary scan, Diagnostic Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Blood Glucose, Serum (Random) Histopathology, Specimen Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, Blood Cholelithiasis Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Amylase, Serum Bile fluid examination, Diagnostic Bile, Urine • Bilirubin, Serum Chemistry profile, Blood Chorionic villi sampling, Diagnostic Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic Endoscopic ultrasonography, Diagnostic Flat-plate radiography of the abdomen, Diagnostic • Gallbladder and biliary system ultrasonography, Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Leucine aminopeptidase, Blood Lipase, Serum • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic T-tube cholangiography (Postoperative), Diagnostic Christmas Disease Page 143 (see Factor IX deficiency ) Chronic Fatigue S yndrome Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour, Urine (Serum) Alkaline phosphatase, Serum Calcium, Total, Serum Complete blood count, Blood Creatinine, Serum Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood • Dexamethasone suppression test, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glucose, Blood Heterophile agglutinins, Blood Phosphorus, Serum Protein, Total, Serum Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Thyroid-stimulating hormone, Sensitive assay, Blood Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Urinalysis, Urine Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (see Bronchitis or Emphysema ) Cirrhosis Alanine aminotransferase, Serum • Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour urine Albumin/globulin ratio, Serum Aldosterone, Serum and urine Alkaline phosphatase, Heat stable, Serum Alkaline phosphatase, Isoenzymes, Serum Alkaline phosphatase, Serum Alpha1-antitrypsin, Serum Alpha-fetoprotein, Serum • Ammonia, Blood Antimitochondrial antibody, Blood Antinuclear antibody, Serum Anti–smooth muscle antibody, Serum Antithrombin III test, Diagnostic Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum • Bilirubin, Direct, Serum Ceruloplasmin, Serum Page 144 Chemistry profile, Blood Cold agglutinin titer, Serum Complete blood count, Blood • Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen, chest), Diagnostic Copper, Serum or urine (Serum) Cryoglobulin, Qualitative, Serum Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic Ferritin, Serum Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Blood Hepatitis B surface antibody, Blood Hepatitis B surface antigen, Blood Hepatitis C antibody, Serum Histopathology, Specimen Immunoglobulin M, Serum Iron, Serum Iron and total iron-binding capacity/transferrin, Serum Lactate dehydrogenase, Blood Lactate dehydrogenase, Isoenzymes, Blood Leucine aminopeptidase, Blood • Liver battery, Serum Liver biopsy, Diagnostic Liver ultrasonography, Diagnostic Mucinlike carcinoma–associated antigen, Blood 5′-Nucleotidase, Blood Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, Blood Protein electrophoresis, Serum • Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Red blood cell morphology, Blood Renal function tests, Diagnostic Sodium, Serum Urobilinogen, Urine Zinc, Blood Coarctation Of The Aorta Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Cardiac catheterization, Diagnostic • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Echocardiography, Diagnostic • Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Coccidioidomycosis Acquired immune deficiency syndrome evaluation battery, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific (Lung, duodenum, skin, skeleton), Specimen Page 145 Blood culture, Blood Body fluid (Abscess), Anaerobic, Culture Bone scan, Diagnostic Chest radiography, Diagnostic • Coccidioides serology, Blood or CSF • Coccidioides skin test, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood • Culture (Sputum, urine), Routine, Specimen • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Eosinophil count, Blood Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Stool culture, Routine, Stool Coccidiosis (see Coccidioidomycosis ) Cold, Common (see also Rhinitis ) Complete blood count, Blood Viral culture, Specimen Colitis (see Ulcerative colitis ) Collagen Diseases (see Arthritis , Autoimmune diseases , Rheumatoid arthritis , Scleroderma , Sjögren's syndrome , or Systemic lupus erythematosus ) Colon Cancer Barium enema, Diagnostic Brushing cytology, Specimen, Diagnostic CA 19-9, Blood CA 50, Blood CA 72-4, Blood Calcium, Ionized, Blood Calcium, Total, Serum Carcinoembryonic antigen, Serum Chest radiography, Diagnostic Colorectal cancer allelotyping for chromosomes 17p and 18q, Specimen and blood • Colonoscopy, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Page 146 Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen, pelvis), Diagnostic Dual modality imaging, Diagnostic Endoscopic ultrasonography, Diagnostic Ferritin, Serum • Histopathology, Specimen Iron and total iron-binding capacity/transferrin, Serum Liver battery, Serum Ki-67 proliferation marker, Specimen K-ras, Blood or specimen Mitogen-activated protein kinase, Specimen Occult blood, Stool Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Telomerase enzyme marker, Blood Thymidylate synthase, Specimen Transferrin, Serum Vascular endothelial growth factor, Specimen Colostomy (see Ostomies) Condyloma Latum • Condyloma latum, Vulvar or anal culture for cytology, Specimen Congenital Heart Disease Denver Developmental Screening test II Magnetic resonance angiography, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Mean platelet volume, Blood Oximetry, Pulse, Diagnostic Congestive Heart Failure Alanine aminotransferase, serum Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour urine Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum Body fluid analysis, Cell count, Specimen Cardiac enzymes/isoenzymes, Blood • Chemistry profile, Blood • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Comprehensive metabolic panel, Blood Creatine kinase, Serum (Isoenzymes) Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, Diagnostic Digitoxin, Serum Digoxin, Serum Page 147 Disopyramide phosphate, Serum • Echocardiography, Diagnostic • Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Electrolytes, Urine Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Blood Heart scan, Diagnostic Lactate dehydrogenase, Isoenzymes, Blood Lidocaine, Serum Liver battery, Serum • Natriuretic peptides (Atrial, B-Type), Plasma Osmolality, Calculated test, Blood Osmolality, Serum Osmolality, Urine Positron emission tomography, Diagnostic Procainamide, Serum Propranolol, Blood Protein, Quantitative, Urine Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Sodium, Plasma or serum Thyroid profile, Blood (TSH) Transesophageal ultrasonography, Diagnostic Troponin I and Troponin T, Serum (Troponin I) Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Ventriculography, Diagnostic Conjunctivitis Adenovirus immunofluorescence, Diagnostic Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) • Conjunctivae, Routine, Culture Culture, Routine, Specimen Ocular cytology, Specimen Sjögren's antibodies, Blood Constrictive Pericarditis (see Pericarditis ) Convulsions (see Seizures ) COPD (see Bronchitis or Emphysema ) Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Page 148 Activated coagulation time, Automated, Blood Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Cardiac catheterization, Diagnostic Cardiac output, Diagnostic Coronary intravascular ultrasonography, Diagnostic Coronary Artery Disease (see Arteriosclerosis ) Cough Acid-fast bacteria, Culture and stain (Sputum) • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Sputum culture and sensitivity, Specimen Sputum, Gram stain, Diagnostic Cretinism (see Hypothyroidism ) Crohn's Disease Albumin, Serum Anti–neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody screen, Serum Barium enema, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific, Specimen Chemistry profile, Blood Clostridium difficile toxin assay, Stool • Colonoscopy, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic C-reactive protein, Serum or plasma • Cytologic study of gastrointestinal tract, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Diagnostic Fecal fat, Quantitative, 72-hour stool Flat-plate radiography of the abdomen, Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Muramidase, Serum Occult blood, Stool Oxalate, 24-hour urine Parasite screen, Stool Raji cell immune complex assay, Blood Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Sigmoidoscopy, Diagnostic Small bowel series, Diagnostic Upper gastrointestinal series, Diagnostic Page 149 Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Vitamin B12, Serum Yersinia enterocolitica antibody, Blood Cushing's S yndrome Adrenocorticotropic hormone, Serum Aldosterone, Serum Androstenedione, Serum Calcitonin, Plasma or serum Calcium, Urine Chemistry profile, Blood Chloride, Urine Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Adrenal glands), Diagnostic • • Cortisol, Plasma or serum (Late night) Cortisol, Urine Creatinine, Serum Creatinine, Urine • Dexamethasone suppression test, Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glucose, Blood Glucose tolerance test, Blood Histopathology, Specimen 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids, 24-hour urine Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Blood Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Metyrapone test, Plasma Renin activity, Plasma Sodium, Serum or plasma Testosterone, Free, Bioavailable and total, Blood Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Biopsy, Site-specific (Skin), Specimen Chemistry profile, Serum Complete blood count, Blood Lupus panel, Blood Sedimentation rate, erythrocyte, Blood Urinalysis, Urine CVA (see Cerebrovascular accident ) Cyanosis Bicarbonate, Blood Page 150 Blood gases, Capillary, Blood • Blood gases, Venous, Blood Carbon dioxide, Partial pressure, Blood Carbon dioxide, Total content, Blood Carboxyhemoglobin, Blood Glucose, Blood Heavy-metal drug screen, Blood and 24-hour urine 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid, Quantitative, 24-hour urine Methemoglobin, Blood Serotonin, Serum or blood Cystectomy (see Surgery, Prepoperative ; Surgery, Postoperative ) Cystic Fibrosis Albumin, Serum • Chloride, Sweat, Specimen Chest radiography, Diagnostic d-Xylose absorption test, Diagnostic, Serum or urine Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Fat, Semiquantitative, Stool Immunoglobulin E, Serum Immunoglobulin G, Serum Liver battery, Serum Pulmonary function tests, Diagnostic Semen analysis, Specimen Sputum, Routine, Culture Trypsin, Plasma or serum Trypsin, Stool Vitamin E1, Serum Cystitis Body fluid (Urine), Routine, Culture Cystoscopy, Diagnostic Gram stain (Urine), Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Nitrite, Bacteria drug screen, Urine Occult blood, Urine • Urinalysis, Urine Urinalysis, Fractional, Urine • Urine cytology, Urine Urine, Fungus, Culture Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease Page 151 (see Cytomegalovirus ) Cytomegalovirus Acquired immune deficiency syndrome evaluation battery, Diagnostic Anti-RNP test, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific (Gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, skin), Specimen Blood indices, Blood Body fluid (Bronchoalveolar lavage, CSF, saliva, urine), Routine, Culture Brushing cytology, Specimen, Diagnostic Chemistry profile, Blood Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Cytomegalic inclusion disease, Cytology, Urine • Cytomegalovirus antibody, Serum Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Endoscopy, Diagnostic Heterophile agglutinins, Blood Histopathology, Specimen Infectious mononucleosis screening test, Blood Magnetic resonance imaging (Brain), Diagnostic Red blood cell, Blood Sputum cytology, Specimen Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpesvirus serology, Blood Urine cytology, Urine • Viral culture, Specimen Email to Colleague Print Version Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Inc.

All rights reserved. com Page 137 Chernecky & Berger: Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, 5th ed. Copyright © 2008 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier C CABG (see Coronary artery bypass graft ) Cachexia (see Kwashiorkor or Marasmus ) Calculi (see Renal calculi or Biliary calculi ) Cancer (See Brain tumors , Breast cancer , Cervical cancer , Colon cancer , Endocrine tumors , Esophageal cancer , Ganglioneuroblastoma , Gastric cancer , Glucagonoma , Head and neck cancer , Hepatomas , Insulinoma , Leukemia , Liver cancer , Lung cancer , Lymphoma , Melanoma , Metastasis , Multiple myeloma , Neuroblastoma , Ovarian cancer , Pancreatic cancer , Pheochromocytoma , Prostate cancer , Renal cell cancer , Sarcoma , Testicular cancer , Thyroid cancer , Uterine cancer , Vaginal cancer , or Wilms' tumor ) Candidiasis (see Thrush , Vaginitis ) Cannabis Drug Abuse (see Drug abuse ) Carbohydrate-Deficient Glycoprotein S yndrome • Transferrin, Carbohydrate-deficient, Serum Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Bicarbonate, Blood • Blood gases, Arterial, Blood (Oxygen saturation) • Carbon monoxide, Blood Carboxyhemoglobin, Blood Cardiac enzymes/isoenzymes, Blood CO-oximeter profile, Blood Creatine kinase, Serum Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Methemoglobin, Blood Myoglobin, Qualitative, Urine Oximetry, Diagnostic Toxicology drug screen, Blood or Urine Page 138 Carcinoma (see Cancer ) Cardiogenic S hock (see Shock ) Cardiomyopathy Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum Biopsy, Site-specific (Right ventricular endomyocardium), Specimen Cardiac enzymes/isoenzymes, Blood Cardiac output, Diagnostic Cardiac catheterization, Diagnostic Cardiac radiography, Diagnostic • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Chemistry profile, Blood Chest radiography, Diagnostic Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Coronary intravascular ultrasonography, Diagnostic Creatine kinase, Serum Doppler ultrasonic flow studies (Transthoracic), Diagnostic • Echocardiography, Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electron microscopy (for Cardiomyopathy), Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, Blood Lactate dehydrogenase, Blood Lactate dehydrogenase, Isoenzymes, Blood Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Natriuretic peptides, Plasma Stress/exercise test, Diagnostic Stress test, Pharmacologic, Diagnostic Thyroid-stimulating hormone, Sensitive assay, Blood Transesophageal ultrasonography, Diagnostic Viral culture, Specimen Carpal Tunnel S yndrome Electromyography and nerve conduction studies, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance neurography, Diagnostic Cat-S cratch Disease • Biopsy, Site-specific (Lymph node), Specimen Page 139 Bone scan, Diagnostic • Culture, Routine, Specimen Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Liver battery, Serum Lupus test, Blood • Rochalimaea henselae, Antibody, Serum Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Skin test for hypersensitivity, Diagnostic Cataracts Galactokinase, Blood Visual acuity test, Diagnostic Celiac S prue Barium enema, Diagnostic Barium swallow, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific (Small bowel/jejunum), Specimen Carotene, Serum Chemistry profile, Blood Complete blood count, Blood • • Endomysial antibody, Serum Fecal fat, Quantitative, 72-hour stool Prothrombin time and INR, Blood Raji cell immune complex assay, Blood Red blood cell morphology, Blood Red blood cell size distribution width, Blood Sigmoidoscopy, Diagnostic • d-Xylose absorption test, Diagnostic, Serum Cerebral Aneurysm (see Aneurysm, Cerebral ) Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations • Magnetic resonance angiography, Diagnostic Cerebral Infarction (see Cerebrovascular accident ) Cerebral Infections (see Encephalitis or Meningitis ) Cerebral Palsy Page 140 Ammonia, Blood and urine (Blood) Brain ultrasonography, Diagnostic Cerebral computed tomography, Diagnostic Chloride, Serum Chromosome analysis, Blood Electroencephalography, Diagnostic Electromyography and nerve conduction studies, Diagnostic Magnetic resonance imaging (Brain, spinal cord), Diagnostic • Potassium, Serum • Sodium, Plasma, Serum or urine Thyroid function test, Blood Cerebrovascular Accident Activated partial thromboplastin time and partial thromboplastin time, Plasma Basic metabolic panel, Blood Brain scan, Cerebral flow and pathology, Diagnostic • Cerebral computed tomography, Diagnostic Cerebrospinal fluid, Lactic acid, Specimen Cerebrospinal fluid, Routine analysis, Specimen Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Spiral), Diagnostic Creatine kinase, Serum Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Doppler ultrasonographic flow studies (Carotid), Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Homocysteine, Plasma or urine Magnetic resonance angiography, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance imaging (of Brain) (Diffusion-weighted), Diagnostic Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Diagnostic Oximetry, Diagnostic Platelet count, Blood Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Transesophageal ultrasonography, Diagnostic Cervical Cancer • Cervical-vaginal cytology, Specimen Colposcopy, Diagnostic Conization of cervix, Diagnostic Dual modality imaging, Diagnostic Human papillomavirus in situ hybridization, Specimen Ki-67 proliferation marker, Specimen Page 141 • Pap smear, Diagnostic Pap smear, Ultrafast, Diagnostic Squamous cell carcinoma antigen, Serum Telomerase enzyme marker, Blood Thymidylate synthase, Specimen Urinary chorionic gonadotropin peptide, Urine Cervical S pondylosis Computed tomography of body (Spine), Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Radiography (Cervical disks of spine), Diagnostic Cervicitis • Cervical-vaginal cytology, Specimen Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) Genital, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Culture Herpesvirus antigen, Direct fluorescent antibody, Specimen • Histopathology, Specimen Human papillomavirus in situ hybridization, Specimen Rapid plasma reagin test, Blood Trichomonas preparation, Specimen Urine culture and nucleic acid amplification tests for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Urine Urinary chorionic gonadotropin peptide, Urine Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Serum Chancroid Culture, Routine, Specimen • Genital, Bacillus Haemophilus ducreyi, Culture Herpesvirus antigen, Direct fluorescent antibody, Specimen Tzanck smear, Specimen Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Serum Viral culture, Specimen (for Herpes simplex) Chest Pain (see Angina pectoris , Myocardial infarction , Pleurisy , or Pneumonia ) Chickenpox Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood • Varicella-zoster virus serology, Serum • Tzanck smear, Specimen Viral culture, Specimen Page 142 Chlamydia Cervical culture Cervical-vaginal cytology, Specimen • Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) Lymphogranuloma venereum titer, Blood Ocular cytology, Specimen Psittacosis titer, Blood Cholecystitis Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Alkaline phosphatase, Serum Amylase, Serum Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum • Bilirubin, Serum Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic • Gallbladder and biliary system ultrasonography, Diagnostic Hepatobiliary scan, Diagnostic Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Blood Glucose, Serum (Random) Histopathology, Specimen Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, Blood Cholelithiasis Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Amylase, Serum Bile fluid examination, Diagnostic Bile, Urine • Bilirubin, Serum Chemistry profile, Blood Chorionic villi sampling, Diagnostic Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic Endoscopic ultrasonography, Diagnostic Flat-plate radiography of the abdomen, Diagnostic • Gallbladder and biliary system ultrasonography, Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Leucine aminopeptidase, Blood Lipase, Serum • Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic T-tube cholangiography (Postoperative), Diagnostic Christmas Disease Page 143 (see Factor IX deficiency ) Chronic Fatigue S yndrome Alanine aminotransferase, Serum Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour, Urine (Serum) Alkaline phosphatase, Serum Calcium, Total, Serum Complete blood count, Blood Creatinine, Serum Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood • Dexamethasone suppression test, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glucose, Blood Heterophile agglutinins, Blood Phosphorus, Serum Protein, Total, Serum Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Thyroid-stimulating hormone, Sensitive assay, Blood Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Urinalysis, Urine Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (see Bronchitis or Emphysema ) Cirrhosis Alanine aminotransferase, Serum • Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour urine Albumin/globulin ratio, Serum Aldosterone, Serum and urine Alkaline phosphatase, Heat stable, Serum Alkaline phosphatase, Isoenzymes, Serum Alkaline phosphatase, Serum Alpha1-antitrypsin, Serum Alpha-fetoprotein, Serum • Ammonia, Blood Antimitochondrial antibody, Blood Antinuclear antibody, Serum Anti–smooth muscle antibody, Serum Antithrombin III test, Diagnostic Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum • Bilirubin, Direct, Serum Ceruloplasmin, Serum Page 144 Chemistry profile, Blood Cold agglutinin titer, Serum Complete blood count, Blood • Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen, chest), Diagnostic Copper, Serum or urine (Serum) Cryoglobulin, Qualitative, Serum Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Diagnostic Ferritin, Serum Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Blood Hepatitis B surface antibody, Blood Hepatitis B surface antigen, Blood Hepatitis C antibody, Serum Histopathology, Specimen Immunoglobulin M, Serum Iron, Serum Iron and total iron-binding capacity/transferrin, Serum Lactate dehydrogenase, Blood Lactate dehydrogenase, Isoenzymes, Blood Leucine aminopeptidase, Blood • Liver battery, Serum Liver biopsy, Diagnostic Liver ultrasonography, Diagnostic Mucinlike carcinoma–associated antigen, Blood 5′-Nucleotidase, Blood Ornithine carbamoyltransferase, Blood Protein electrophoresis, Serum • Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Red blood cell morphology, Blood Renal function tests, Diagnostic Sodium, Serum Urobilinogen, Urine Zinc, Blood Coarctation Of The Aorta Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Cardiac catheterization, Diagnostic • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Echocardiography, Diagnostic • Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Coccidioidomycosis Acquired immune deficiency syndrome evaluation battery, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific (Lung, duodenum, skin, skeleton), Specimen Page 145 Blood culture, Blood Body fluid (Abscess), Anaerobic, Culture Bone scan, Diagnostic Chest radiography, Diagnostic • Coccidioides serology, Blood or CSF • Coccidioides skin test, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood • Culture (Sputum, urine), Routine, Specimen • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Eosinophil count, Blood Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Stool culture, Routine, Stool Coccidiosis (see Coccidioidomycosis ) Cold, Common (see also Rhinitis ) Complete blood count, Blood Viral culture, Specimen Colitis (see Ulcerative colitis ) Collagen Diseases (see Arthritis , Autoimmune diseases , Rheumatoid arthritis , Scleroderma , Sjögren's syndrome , or Systemic lupus erythematosus ) Colon Cancer Barium enema, Diagnostic Brushing cytology, Specimen, Diagnostic CA 19-9, Blood CA 50, Blood CA 72-4, Blood Calcium, Ionized, Blood Calcium, Total, Serum Carcinoembryonic antigen, Serum Chest radiography, Diagnostic Colorectal cancer allelotyping for chromosomes 17p and 18q, Specimen and blood • Colonoscopy, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Page 146 Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen, pelvis), Diagnostic Dual modality imaging, Diagnostic Endoscopic ultrasonography, Diagnostic Ferritin, Serum • Histopathology, Specimen Iron and total iron-binding capacity/transferrin, Serum Liver battery, Serum Ki-67 proliferation marker, Specimen K-ras, Blood or specimen Mitogen-activated protein kinase, Specimen Occult blood, Stool Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Telomerase enzyme marker, Blood Thymidylate synthase, Specimen Transferrin, Serum Vascular endothelial growth factor, Specimen Colostomy (see Ostomies) Condyloma Latum • Condyloma latum, Vulvar or anal culture for cytology, Specimen Congenital Heart Disease Denver Developmental Screening test II Magnetic resonance angiography, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Mean platelet volume, Blood Oximetry, Pulse, Diagnostic Congestive Heart Failure Alanine aminotransferase, serum Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour urine Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum Body fluid analysis, Cell count, Specimen Cardiac enzymes/isoenzymes, Blood • Chemistry profile, Blood • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Comprehensive metabolic panel, Blood Creatine kinase, Serum (Isoenzymes) Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, Diagnostic Digitoxin, Serum Digoxin, Serum Page 147 Disopyramide phosphate, Serum • Echocardiography, Diagnostic • Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Electrolytes, Urine Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, Blood Heart scan, Diagnostic Lactate dehydrogenase, Isoenzymes, Blood Lidocaine, Serum Liver battery, Serum • Natriuretic peptides (Atrial, B-Type), Plasma Osmolality, Calculated test, Blood Osmolality, Serum Osmolality, Urine Positron emission tomography, Diagnostic Procainamide, Serum Propranolol, Blood Protein, Quantitative, Urine Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Sodium, Plasma or serum Thyroid profile, Blood (TSH) Transesophageal ultrasonography, Diagnostic Troponin I and Troponin T, Serum (Troponin I) Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Ventriculography, Diagnostic Conjunctivitis Adenovirus immunofluorescence, Diagnostic Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) • Conjunctivae, Routine, Culture Culture, Routine, Specimen Ocular cytology, Specimen Sjögren's antibodies, Blood Constrictive Pericarditis (see Pericarditis ) Convulsions (see Seizures ) COPD (see Bronchitis or Emphysema ) Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Page 148 Activated coagulation time, Automated, Blood Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Cardiac catheterization, Diagnostic Cardiac output, Diagnostic Coronary intravascular ultrasonography, Diagnostic Coronary Artery Disease (see Arteriosclerosis ) Cough Acid-fast bacteria, Culture and stain (Sputum) • Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Sputum culture and sensitivity, Specimen Sputum, Gram stain, Diagnostic Cretinism (see Hypothyroidism ) Crohn's Disease Albumin, Serum Anti–neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody screen, Serum Barium enema, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific, Specimen Chemistry profile, Blood Clostridium difficile toxin assay, Stool • Colonoscopy, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic C-reactive protein, Serum or plasma • Cytologic study of gastrointestinal tract, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Diagnostic Fecal fat, Quantitative, 72-hour stool Flat-plate radiography of the abdomen, Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Muramidase, Serum Occult blood, Stool Oxalate, 24-hour urine Parasite screen, Stool Raji cell immune complex assay, Blood Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood Sigmoidoscopy, Diagnostic Small bowel series, Diagnostic Upper gastrointestinal series, Diagnostic Page 149 Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Vitamin B12, Serum Yersinia enterocolitica antibody, Blood Cushing's S yndrome Adrenocorticotropic hormone, Serum Aldosterone, Serum Androstenedione, Serum Calcitonin, Plasma or serum Calcium, Urine Chemistry profile, Blood Chloride, Urine Complete blood count, Blood Computed tomography of the body (Adrenal glands), Diagnostic • • Cortisol, Plasma or serum (Late night) Cortisol, Urine Creatinine, Serum Creatinine, Urine • Dexamethasone suppression test, Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glucose, Blood Glucose tolerance test, Blood Histopathology, Specimen 17-Hydroxycorticosteroids, 24-hour urine Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Blood Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Metyrapone test, Plasma Renin activity, Plasma Sodium, Serum or plasma Testosterone, Free, Bioavailable and total, Blood Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Biopsy, Site-specific (Skin), Specimen Chemistry profile, Serum Complete blood count, Blood Lupus panel, Blood Sedimentation rate, erythrocyte, Blood Urinalysis, Urine CVA (see Cerebrovascular accident ) Cyanosis Bicarbonate, Blood Page 150 Blood gases, Capillary, Blood • Blood gases, Venous, Blood Carbon dioxide, Partial pressure, Blood Carbon dioxide, Total content, Blood Carboxyhemoglobin, Blood Glucose, Blood Heavy-metal drug screen, Blood and 24-hour urine 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid, Quantitative, 24-hour urine Methemoglobin, Blood Serotonin, Serum or blood Cystectomy (see Surgery, Prepoperative ; Surgery, Postoperative ) Cystic Fibrosis Albumin, Serum • Chloride, Sweat, Specimen Chest radiography, Diagnostic d-Xylose absorption test, Diagnostic, Serum or urine Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Fat, Semiquantitative, Stool Immunoglobulin E, Serum Immunoglobulin G, Serum Liver battery, Serum Pulmonary function tests, Diagnostic Semen analysis, Specimen Sputum, Routine, Culture Trypsin, Plasma or serum Trypsin, Stool Vitamin E1, Serum Cystitis Body fluid (Urine), Routine, Culture Cystoscopy, Diagnostic Gram stain (Urine), Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Nitrite, Bacteria drug screen, Urine Occult blood, Urine • Urinalysis, Urine Urinalysis, Fractional, Urine • Urine cytology, Urine Urine, Fungus, Culture Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease Page 151 (see Cytomegalovirus ) Cytomegalovirus Acquired immune deficiency syndrome evaluation battery, Diagnostic Anti-RNP test, Diagnostic Biopsy, Site-specific (Gastrointestinal tract, lungs, liver, skin), Specimen Blood indices, Blood Body fluid (Bronchoalveolar lavage, CSF, saliva, urine), Routine, Culture Brushing cytology, Specimen, Diagnostic Chemistry profile, Blood Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Cytomegalic inclusion disease, Cytology, Urine • Cytomegalovirus antibody, Serum Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Endoscopy, Diagnostic Heterophile agglutinins, Blood Histopathology, Specimen Infectious mononucleosis screening test, Blood Magnetic resonance imaging (Brain), Diagnostic Red blood cell, Blood Sputum cytology, Specimen Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpesvirus serology, Blood Urine cytology, Urine • Viral culture, Specimen Email to Colleague Print Version Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Inc.

All rights reserved. com Page 152 Chernecky & Berger: Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, 5th ed. Copyright © 2008 Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier D Deafness (see Hearing disorders ) Decubiti Biopsy, Site-specific, Specimen (Anaerobic culture, routine culture) Blood culture, Blood Culture, Routine, Specimen Deep Vein Thrombosis Activated partial thromboplastin time and partial thromboplastin time, Plasma Antiphospholipid antibodies, Serum Antithrombin III test, Diagnostic Arteriography, Diagnostic Color duplex ultrasonography, Diagnostic Compression ultrasound, Diagnostic Computed tomography of the body (Spiral), Diagnostic d-Dimer test, Blood • Doppler ultrasonographic flow studies, Diagnostic Factor V, (Leiden mutation), Blood Fibrinogen, Plasma Hemoglobin, Blood I-Labeled fibrinogen leg scan, Diagnostic Lung scan, Perfusion and ventilation, Diagnostic Magnetic resonance angiography, diagnostic Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic Plasminogen assay, Blood Platelet count, Blood Protein C, Blood Protein S, Total and free, Blood Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Pulse volume recorder testing of peripheral vasculature (Impedance plethysmography), Diagnostic Soluble fibrin monomer complex, Serum Urinalysis, Urine 125 • Venography, Diagnostic Degenerative Arthritis (see Cervical spondylosis ) Degenerative Disorders of Nervous S ystem (see Alzheimer's disease ) Page 153 Degenerative Joint Disease (see Osteoarthritis ) Dehydration (see Hypovolemia ) Delirium Tremens • Alcohol, Blood Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Dementia Brain scan, Cerebral flow and pathology, Diagnostic Cerebral computed tomography, Diagnostic Cerebrospinal fluid, Routine analysis, Specimen • Chemistry profile, Blood Chest radiography, Diagnostic • Complete blood count, Blood Drug levels Electroencephalography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Folic acid, Serum HIV antibodies (see Acquired immune deficiency syndrome evaluation battery, Diagnostic ) Lipid profile, Blood Liver battery, Serum Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic • Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Diagnostic Rapid plasma reagin test, Blood Sedimentation rate, Erythrocyte, Blood • Thyroid profile, Blood Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, Diagnostic Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Serum Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Cerebrospinal fluid, Specimen Vitamin B1, Serum or urine Vitamin B12, Serum Demyelinization (see Multiple sclerosis ) Dengue Fever Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood • Immune complex assay, Blood Page 154 Depressant Drug Abuse (see Drug abuse: Barbiturates, Meprobamate, and Methaqualone ) Depression Chemistry profile, Blood Chromosome analysis, Blood Complete blood count, Blood Cortisol, Plasma or serum • Dexamethasone suppression test, Diagnostic Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electroencephalography, Diagnostic Liver battery, Serum Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, Blood Serotonin, Serum or blood Thyroid function testing, Blood Urinalysis, Urine Dermatitis Allergen-specific IgE, Serum Antinuclear antibody, Serum Biopsy (Punch biopsy of the skin), Site-specific, Specimen Chromium, Serum Complete blood count, Blood Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Eosinophil count, Blood Heavy-metal screen, 24-hour urine • Histopathology, Specimen Immunoglobulin E, Serum Porphyrins, Quantitative, Blood Skin, Fungus, Culture Diabetes, Gestational • Glucose tolerance test, Blood Diabetes Insipidus Antidiuretic hormone, Serum Chloride, Sweat, Specimen • Concentration test, Urine Creatinine, Serum Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, Urine Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glucose, Blood Intravenous pyelography, Diagnostic Page 155 Magnetic resonance imaging, Diagnostic • Osmolality, Calculated test, Blood Osmolality, Serum Osmolality, Urine • Sodium, Plasma or serum • Sodium, Urine Specific gravity, Urine Urea nitrogen, Plasma or Serum Diabetes Mellitus Anion gap, Blood Body fluid (Urine), Routine, Culture Chemistry profile, Blood Complete blood count, Blood C-peptide, Serum Creatinine, Serum Creatinine clearance, Serum, Urine Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Electrolytes, Urine Endomysial antibody, Serum Fructosamine, Serum Glucagon, Plasma • Glucose, Blood Glucose-monitoring machines, Diagnostic Glucose, Qualitative, Semiquantitative, Urine Glucose, Quantitative, 24-hour urine Glucose challenge test, Diagnostic (for gestational DM) Glucose tolerance test, Blood Glucose, 2-hour postprandial, Serum • Glycosylated hemoglobin, Blood Insulin and insulin antibodies, Blood Ketone bodies, Blood Ketone, Semiquantitative, Urine Lactic acid, Blood Lipid profile, Blood Magnesium, Serum Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Diagnostic Osmolality, Urine Potassium, Serum Protein electrophoresis, Serum Red blood cell, Blood Page 156 Triglycerides, Blood Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Urinalysis, Urine Urine, Fungus, Culture Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis Albumin, Serum, Urine and 24-hour urine (Urine) Creatinine clearance, Serum, Urine Creatinine, Serum Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glycosylated hemoglobin, Blood Kidney biopsy, Specimen Kidney ultrasonography, Diagnostic • Protein, Quantitative, Urine Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Urinalysis, Urine Diabetic Ketoacidosis • • • • Anion gap, Blood Beta-hydroxybutyrate, Blood Blood gases (pH), Arterial, Blood Chemistry profile, Blood Chest radiography, Diagnostic • Complete blood count, Blood Culture (Urine), Routine, Specimen Electrolytes, Plasma or serum • Glucose, Serum Osmolality, Serum Phosphate, Serum Potassium, Serum Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Dialysis, Hemo- Activated coagulation time, Automated, Blood Activated partial thromboplastin time and partial thromboplastin time, Plasma Complete blood count, Blood Creatinine, Serum Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Lee-White clotting time, Blood Parathyroid hormone, Blood Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Dialysis, Peritoneal Page 157 Complete blood count, Blood Creatinine, Serum Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Urea nitrogen, Plasma or serum Diarrhea Albumin, Serum Carotene, Serum • Chemistry profile, Blood Clostridial toxin, Serum Clostridium difficile toxin assay, Stool Cortisol, Plasma or serum Cryptosporidium diagnostic procedures, Stool d-Xylose absorption test, Diagnostic, Serum or urine • Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Entamoeba histolytica serologic test, Blood Fat, Semiquantitative, Stool Fecal fat, Quantitative, 72-hour stool Fecal leukocytes, Stool, Diagnostic Gastrin, Serum Glucagon, Plasma Glucose, 2-hour postprandial, Serum Histopathology, Specimen Homovanillic acid, 24-hour urine 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid, Quantitative, 24-hour urine Magnesium, Serum Mycoplasma titer, Blood Occult blood, Stool Osmolality, Calculated test, Blood Osmolality, Serum Osmolality, Urine Ova and parasites, Stool pH, Stool Phenolphthalein test, Diagnostic Reducing substances, Stool Rotavirus antigen, Stool Serotonin, Serum or blood Specific gravity, Urine • Stool culture, Routine, Stool Thyroid profile, Blood Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, Blood Yersinia enterocolitica antibody, Blood DIC Page 158 (see Disseminated intravascular coagulation ) Diphtheria Gram stain, Diagnostic • Schick test for diphtheria, Diagnostic Throat culture for Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Culture Disaccharide Deficiencies • d-Xylose absorption test, Diagnostic, Serum or urine pH, Stool • Reducing substances, Stool Rotavirus antigen, Stool Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (see Systemic lupus erythematosus ) Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Activated coagulation time, Automated, Blood • Activated partial thromboplastin time and partial thromboplastin time, Plasma Antithrombin III test, Diagnostic C3 proactivator, Serum Chest radiography, Diagnostic Clot retraction, Blood • Complete blood count, Blood • d-Dimer test, Blood Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Fibrin split products, Protamine sulfate test, Blood Fibrinopeptide A, Blood • Fibrinogen, Plasma Fibrinogen breakdown products, Blood Haptoglobin, Serum Intravascular coagulation screen, Blood Plasminogen assay, Blood Protein C, Blood Protein S, Total and free, Blood • Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Red blood cell morphology, Blood • Soluble fibrin monomer complex, Serum Thrombin time, Serum Page 159 Diverticulitis and Diverticulosis Barium enema, Diagnostic Blood indices, Blood • Colonoscopy, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Compression ultrasound, Diagnostic Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Fecal leukocytes, Stool, Diagnostic Histopathology, Specimen Occult blood, Stool Red blood cell, Blood • Sigmoidoscopy, Diagnostic Urinalysis, Urine Down S yndrome Amniotic fluid, Chromosome analysis, Specimen Chorionic villi sampling, Specimen • Chromosome analysis (Chromosome 21), Blood Urinary chorionic gonadotropin peptide, Urine Dracunculiasis Culture, Skin, Specimen Eosinophil count, Blood Radiography, Diagnostic Drowning, Near Blood culture, Blood • Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Cerebral computed tomography, Diagnostic Chest radiography, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Drug screen, Blood Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Electroencephalography, Diagnostic Electrolytes, Plasma or serum Glucose, Blood Radiography of the skull, chest, and cervical spine (Cross-table neck radiography), Diagnostic Toxicology, Drug screen, Blood or urine Drug Abuse (Includes Cannabis, Depressants, Ethanol, Hallucinogenics, Narcotics, Stimulants) Acetaminophen, Serum Page 160 Alcohol, Blood Barbiturates, Quantitative, Blood Blood fungus, Culture • Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Cannabinoids, Qualitative, Blood or urine Carbamazepine, Blood Chlordiazepoxide, Blood Clonazepam, Blood Cocaine, Blood Cytologic study of gastrointestinal tract, Diagnostic Diazepam, Serum Ethchlorvynol, Blood Ethosuximide, Blood Fluorescent treponemal antibody–absorbed double-stain test, Serum Flurazepam, Serum Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, Blood or urine Glutethimide, Blood Hepatitis B surface antigen, Blood Lidocaine, Serum Lithium, Serum • Liver battery, Serum Meprobamate, Blood Methaqualone, Blood Methotrexate, Serum Methyprylon, Serum Morphine, Urine Phencyclidine, Qualitative, Urine Phenobarbital, Plasma or serum Phenothiazines, Blood Phenytoin, Serum Primidone, Serum Propoxyphene, Blood Rapid plasma reagin test, Blood Salicylate, Blood • Toxicology, Drug screen, Blood or urine Toxicology, Volatiles group by GLC, Blood or urine Tricyclic antidepressants, Plasma or serum Drug Withdrawal (see Drug abuse ) Dry Eyes Fluorescein angiography, Diagnostic Ocular impression cytology, Specimen Page 161 • Schirmer's tearing eye test, Diagnostic Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy Aldolase, Serum Aspartate aminotransferase, Serum Creatine kinase, Serum (Isoenzymes) • Muscle biopsy, Specimen Duodenal Ulcer (see also Helicobacter pylori ) ABO group and Rh type, Blood Amylase, Serum Barium swallow, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Diagnostic Gastrin, Serum • Helicobacter pylori, Quick office serology, Serum and titer, Blood Histopathology, Specimen Pepsinogen I and pepsinogen II, Blood Upper gastrointestinal series, Diagnostic Urea breath test, Diagnostic Dwarfism (see Hypopituitarism ) Dysentery Computed tomography of the body (Abdomen), Diagnostic • Entamoeba histolytica serologic test, Blood Fecal leukocytes, Stool, Diagnostic Liver biopsy, Diagnostic • Ova and parasites, Stool Parasite drug screen, Stool Stool culture, Routine, Stool Dyserythropoietic Anemia Blood indices, Blood Bone marrow aspiration analysis, Diagnostic Complete blood count, Blood Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Ham's test, Diagnostic Haptoglobin, Serum Red blood cell, Blood Page 162 • Red blood cell morphology, Blood Sucrose hemolysis test, Diagnostic Dysfibrinogenemia Activated partial thromboplastin time and partial thromboplastin time, Plasma Fibrin split products, Protamine sulfate test, Blood • Fibrinogen, Plasma Mixing study, Plasma Prothrombin time and international normalized ratio, Plasma Reptilase time, Serum • Thrombin time, Serum Dysmenorrhea Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) Complete blood count, Blood Dilation and curettage, Diagnostic • Estrogens, Serum and 24-hour urine Gynecologic ultrasonography, Diagnostic Herpesvirus antigen, Direct fluorescent antibody, Specimen Human chorionic gonadotropin, Serum Iron, Serum Laparoscopy, Diagnostic Total iron-binding capacity, Serum Urine culture and nucleic acid amplification tests for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Urine Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, Serum • Urinalysis, Urine Dyspepsia Biopsy, Site-specific (Gastric mucosa), Specimen • • Esophageal acidity test, Diagnostic Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Diagnostic Gastric analysis, Specimen Gastric pH, Specimen Gastrin, Serum • Helicobacter pylori, Quick office serology, Serum and titer, Blood Dysphagia Acid perfusion test, Diagnostic • Esophageal manometry, Diagnostic Dyspnea Bicarbonate, Blood Page 163 • Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Carbon dioxide, Partial pressure, Blood Carbon monoxide, Blood Carboxyhemoglobin, Blood • Chest radiography, Diagnostic • Complete blood count, Blood Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, Diagnostic Heavy metals, Blood and 24-hour urine Methemoglobin, Blood • Natriuretic peptides, Plasma pCO2, Blood Dysproteinemia Blood indices, Blood Bone marrow aspiration analysis, Diagnostic Chemistry profile, Blood Complete blood count, Blood Differential leukocyte count, Peripheral blood Globulin, Serum Immunoelectrophoresis, Serum and urine Immunoglobulin A, Serum Immunoglobulin D, Serum Immunoglobulin E, Serum Immunoglobulin M, Serum Platelet aggregation, Blood Platelet aggregation, Hypercoagulable state, Blood • Protein electrophoresis, Serum Protein electrophoresis, Urine Red blood cell, Blood • Urinalysis, Urine Viscosity, Serum Dysrhythmias Amiodarone, Plasma or serum Bicarbonate, Blood Blood gases, Arterial, Blood Calcium, Total, Serum Carbon dioxide, Partial pressure, Blood Digitoxin, Serum Digoxin, Serum Disopyramide phosphate, Serum • Electrocardiography, Diagnostic Page 164 Electrolytes, Plasma or serum (Plasma) Electrophysiologic study, Diagnostic Flecainide, Plasma or serum Holter monitor, Diagnostic Lidocaine, Serum Magnesium, Serum Natriuretic peptides, Plasma Potassium, Serum Procainamide, Serum Propranolol, Blood Quinidine, Serum Signal-averaged electrocardiography, Diagnostic Dysuria Body fluid (Urine), Routine, Culture Chlamydia culture and group titer, Specimen (Culture) Cytoscopy, Diagnostic Nitrite, Bacteria drug screen, Urine Occult blood, Urine Trichomonas preparation, Specimen • Urinalysis, Urine Email to Colleague Print Version Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Inc.

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