Justice and the Critique of Pure Psychology by Edward Sampson

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By Edward Sampson

Empiricist philosophy of technological know-how of the type that promised fact via strategy and a unification of technological know-how now lies in disarray. Arguments over the indeterminancy of theoretical language, the inadequacy of induction, the empirical incommensurability of competing theories, the chance or im­ risk of medical growth, and the applicability of typical technology metatheory and strategies to difficulties of human motion have allIed to a loss in self belief. because it is often stated, the philosophy of technological know-how is now in a "postempiricist" part. it's a part marked via heated confrontation over the potential of empirically grounded clinical wisdom. as the orienting assumptions of conventional psychology have been principally derived from the early logical empiricist software for technological know-how, the final deteriora­ tion in self belief on the philosophic point used to be unavoidably to have repercus­ sions inside of psychology. The vast ferment that has happened inside so­ cial psychology during the last decade, usually termed "the situation in social psychology," needs to appropriately be seen inside this context. And, in instances the place criticisms of the conventional craft were initiated on except philosophical grounds, conventional logical empiricist solutions haven't any longer been came upon maintaining. In impression, the technology of psychology not rests on a company metatheoretical base, and the longer term continues to be greatly within the bal­ ance. inside this severe interval of seek and reappraisal, there are few voices that equivalent in value that of Edward Sampson.

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Extra resources for Justice and the Critique of Pure Psychology

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To repeat, psychology is usually unaware of this feature of its work. " However, by viewing psychology's research as the study of a social product, one can use its insights to ascertain the ideals and ethos of the culture that creates those products. We are accustomed to this kind of reasoning in our analysis of the products of another culture, such as its media, architecture, art, music, and so forth. We use these products of culture as vehicles for fathoming something Psychology's Ideals: Examining the Examiners 47 about the ethos, practices, and life experiences of the culture.

I believe that they provide us with an alternative view of our discipline. As we consider these themes, I suspect that the reasons why this path was not taken will become apparent. Strictly speaking, this chapter is not about critical theory per se, nor is it an attempt to provide an in-depth analysis of its basic arguments. My intention is to outline what its thoughts have contributed to my analysis and understanding. Besides the original materials, there are several useful secondary sources which those interested in an in-depth review of critical theory can read, especially Jay (1973).

Some would say that it was not followed here because our psychology is a science, while the Frankfurt group specialized in philosophy and speculation. Of course, many in psychology would argue that a critical theory of society is surely not relevant to them as psychologists, though it might well be relevant to people in the other social sciences. Psychology is somehow insulated from society and from social concerns, so it is exempt from requiring 53 54 CHAPTER SIX any social analysis, let alone any critical social analysis.

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