By Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, Bart Verspagen
The concept that of nationwide Innovation structures is easily confirmed in educational study and enthusiastically followed via policymakers. but there are fairly few in-depth experiences of person nationwide innovation systems.This e-book offers simply that, a version for the applying of the concept that to somebody economic system. best students offer an in depth research of the actual situations of Norway--a excessive source of revenue, excessive productiveness, source wealthy economic climate, with fairly modest funding in R&D, and a outstanding music checklist of social fairness. The authors argue that funding in human capital will be extra major than any formulation for R&D funding. The booklet comprises contributions from historians, economists, and political scientists, and gives an remarkable account of the improvement of 1 of the world's such a lot profitable economies. will probably be crucial analyzing fro lecturers and policymakers all in favour of innovation and development.
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Additional info for Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case
These workshops became small but important organizations for improving companies’ production technology and for solving other costumers’ technical problems. The learning processes linked to this path were largely speciﬁc to local traditions, problems, and knowledge bases. But international sources of knowledge also were important in cases where local knowledge did not suﬃce for solving problems of great importance for the local economy. Norway is located nearby the early-industrializing regions of England and Scotland, as well as commercial centres in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Sweden.
Oxford Handbook of Innovation, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Whitley, R. (2002) “Developing innovative competences: the role of institutional frameworks,” Industrial and Corporate Change, 11, pp. 497–528. This page intentionally left blank Part I The Historical Evolution and Current Structure of the Norwegian National Innovation System This page intentionally left blank 2 The Layers of National Innovation Systems: The Historical Evolution of a National Innovation System in Norway Olav Wicken The national innovation system (NIS) of Norway is characterized by diversity.
Hence, institutional innovation—and politics— exert a great inﬂuence over the development of national innovation systems, and the nature of this inﬂuence deserves more attention. Previous work on national systems of innovation has devoted little attention to these matters, possibly because much of it examines “snapshots” of various innovation systems at a speciﬁc point in time and lacks historical depth. Arguably, one of the advantages of the historical, evolutionary perspective applied in this study is that it advances our understanding of the roles played by institutions and politics in innovation.