Hyperthermia and the Therapy of Malignant Tumors by J. W. Hand (auth.), Professor Dr. rer. nat. Christian

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By J. W. Hand (auth.), Professor Dr. rer. nat. Christian Streffer (eds.)

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Extra info for Hyperthermia and the Therapy of Malignant Tumors

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Hyperthermic treatment speeds up metabolic reaction rates including glycolysis (Schubert et al. 1982; Streffer 1982). More energy is needed by the heated cells in order to maintain ion gradients through membranes, structural characteristics in the various cell compartments, etc. Thus, investigations with [14C]glucose (uniformly labelled) have demonstrated an enhanced turnover of glucose during whole body hyperthermia of mice at 40° and 41 ° C, as measured by expired labelled CO 2 (Fig. 10) (Streffer 1982; Schubert et al.

Also anesthetics, like procaine, increase bacterial thermosensitivity as well as membrane fluidity (Yatvin et al. 1982). Furthermore the membrane-active drug chlorpromazine was able to increase bacterial thermosensitivity (Shenoy and Singh 1985). However, the situation appears to be somewhat different in mammalian cells. The incubation of V-79 Chinese hamster cells with cholesterol resulted in a higher microviscosity of membranes but the thermosensitivity of the cells was not changed (Yatvin et al.

Lunec and Cresswell (1983) found a decrease in ATP levels in murine lymphoma cells after heating at 44 0 C for 10-60min, whereas no change occurred in Ehrlich ascites cells under the same conditions. Ohyama and Yamada (1980) observed that the radiation-induced decrease in ATP levels in thymocytes is partially reversed by a heat treatment at 43 0 C directly after the irradiation. Under these conditions it appears that enhanced ATP synthesis occurs, as demonstrated by increased incorporation of [32pJphosphate into the ATP.

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