Hammer’s German Grammar and Usage, 4th Edition by M. Durrell

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By M. Durrell

This much-awaited re-creation of Hammer's German Grammar and Usage--the pre-eminent, so much authoritative German grammar reference within the English language--has been largely revised with new German spelling alterations and new utilization examples. rather than getting slowed down in idealized principles, Professor Durrell specializes in how Germans relatively communicate. incorporated are transparent and concise reasons, many examples from way of life, and finished cross-referencing and indexing.

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Rubble turmoil interest (on a loan) Note that die Eltern has no commonly used singular corresponding to English 'parent', although ein Elternteil is used in officialese). (b) Usage with the names of festivals is different in German. Ostern, Pfingsten and Weihnachten are generally treated as plurals: Frohe Weihnachten! : Wir haben ein stilles Weihnachten verbracht Hast du ein schones Ostern gehabt? We had a quiet Christmas Did you have a nice Easter? 13 German normally uses a singular noun for items of clothing and parts of the body if each individual possesses only one of each Alle hoben die rechte Hand Ihnen klopfte das Herz They all raised their right hands Their hearts were beating To use the plural die Herzen in the last example could suggest that each person had more than one heart.

It is not uncommon for the masculine form to be used: Der Burgermeister begruBte die Besucher aus der Hauptstadt Wien However, this may be considered discriminatory, especially where the feminine form is in common usage. : der Fisch, die Ratte, das Pferd, etc. 1 B Gender and form 7 der Fuchs - die Fuchsin der Ganserich - die Gans der Hahn - die Henne der Kater - die Katze NB: die Drohne drone, der Weisel queen bee. g. der Fuchs, die Cans, die Katze) and the other is only used if the sex is known or relevant in context.

The noun der Herr, however, has the ending -n in the singular but -en in the plural. (a) Most of these 'weak' masculine nouns refer to male humans and animals The following nouns belong to this group: (i) those which end in -e in the nominative singular: der Affe, der Bote, der Chinese, der Franzose, der Schwabe NB: A few masculine nouns in -e follow other declension patterns. der Kiise and der Charme are regular. 3. (ii) a large number of foreign nouns, in particular those ending in stressed -and, -ant, -aph, -arch, -at, -ent, -et, -ist, -krat, -log, -nom, -on: der Diamant, der Monarch, der Automat, der Student, der Komet, der Komponist, der Demokrat, der Psycholog(e), der Astronom, der Damon Also a number with other endings: der Barbar, der Chirurg, der Kamerad, der Katholik, der Prinz, der Tyrann (iii) a few native nouns which do not end in -e in the nominative singular.

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