Hacking Europe: From Computer Cultures to Demoscenes

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Hacking Europe makes a speciality of the playfulness that was once on the middle of the way ecu clients appropriated microcomputers within the final sector of the 20 th century. The essays argue that users--whether the layout of the projected use of desktops used to be specific or nonetheless unfinished--assigned their very own meanings to the machines in unintentional methods. The publication strains the person practices of slicing video games in Warsaw, hacking software program in Athens, developing chaos in Hamburg, generating demos in Turku, and partying with computing in Zagreb and Amsterdam. targeting numerous ecu international locations on the finish of the chilly conflict, the gathering of essays indicates the electronic improvement used to be now not an solely American affair, yet way more assorted and intricate. neighborhood hacker groups appropriated the pc and cast new cultures round it just like the hackers in Yugoslavia, Poland and Finland, who confirmed off their tips and growing particular “demoscenes.” jointly the essays mirror a various palette of cultural practices during which ecu clients domesticated desktop applied sciences. every one bankruptcy explores the mediating actors instrumental in introducing and spreading the cultures of computing round Europe. extra in most cases, the “ludological” element--the position of mischief, humor, and play--discussed the following as the most important for research of hacker tradition, opens new vistas for the examine of the background of technology.

This illuminating choice of diversified case stories can be of substantial curiosity to students in a variety of disciplines, from machine technological know-how to the historical past of expertise, and European-American reviews.

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The digital hand: How computers changed the work of American manufacturing, transportation, and retail industries. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 5 Nelly Oudshoorn, and Trevor J. ). 2003. How users matter. The co-construction of users and technologies. ). 2009. Manufacturing technology, manufacturing consumers. The making of Dutch consumer society. Amsterdam: Aksant. 6 An overview of transnational studies in technological development in Erik van der Vleuten. 2008. Toward a transnational history of technology: Meanings, promises, pitfalls.

11 This Dutch edition of the magazine was issued by Radio Rotor, a wholesale trader in electronics. The magazine featured the so-called study computers which could be hooked up to television sets, enabling people to study the new electronics. These computers were featured in a series of articles, offering many electronics hobbyists the first opportunity to build their own computer. The Dutch wholesaler produced several kit computers as a licensee for the Dutch, Belgian, and British markets. Importers of electronics such as Radio Rotor opened up the microprocessor markets in the United States and the United Kingdom, preparing the ground for the first Dutch computer clubs.

Saarikoski, Petri, and Jaakko Suominen. 2009. Computer hobbyists and the gaming industry in Finland. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 31(3): 20–33. Silvast, Antti, and Markku Reunanen. 2014. Multiple users, diverse users: Appropriation of personal computers by demoscene hackers. In Hacking Europe. From computer cultures to demoscenes, ed. Gerard Alberts and Ruth Oldenziel, 151–163. New York: Springer. Söderberg, Johan. 2014. Users in the dark: The development of a user-controlled technology in the Czech Wireless Network Community.

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