By Axel Holvoet, Nicole Nau
This is often the 1st of 3 volumes facing clausal structure, grammatical family members, case-marking and the syntax–semantics interface in Baltic. It specializes in the grammatical family members of topic and item and the viability of those notions in languages like Lithuanian and Latvian, that have a wealthy case morphology and express many deviations from the canonical nominative-accusative trend of case-marking. the problems tested comprise differential item marking, subjecthood in specificational copular structures, ‘swarm’-type alternations and what they let us know approximately grammatical kinfolk, distinctive different types of topic and item marking in non-finite clauses, and non-canonical grammatical family caused via modal predicates. One learn offers a comparative outlook in the direction of Icelandic, one other language famous for its advanced marking of grammatical relatives. The articles within the quantity signify a number of theoretical frameworks.
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Extra resources for Grammatical Relations and their Non-Canonical Encoding in Baltic
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Comrie, Bernard. 1975. The antiergative: Finland’s answer to Basque. Chicago Linguistic Society 11: 112–121. Corbett, Greville G. 1986. The use of the genitive or accusative for the direct object of negated verbs in Russian: A bibliography. In Case in Slavic, Richard D. Brecht & James S. Levine (eds), 361–372. Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers Inc. Donohue, Mark. 2008. Semantic alignment systems: what’s what, and what’s not. In The typology of semantic alignment, Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds), 24–75.
6. Concluding remarks and chapter summaries The issues dealt with in this volume appear in the literature under various headings. In this introduction we have mentioned differential marking, non-canonical marking, clause-type-specific marking and argument alternations. Each problem can be discussed separately, and for each notion we will find a number of 33 34 Axel Holvoet and Nicole Nau examples that match it. Still, we hope to have shown how closely all these problems are interrelated. The manifold interconnections lend a certain underlying unity to the articles brought together in the present volume.
The situation is, at any rate, more complicated than could appear at first sight. We have, in different languages, canonical two-place structures with nominative subjects and accusative objects. We can also imagine structures where the nominative and/or accusative are not assigned but language-internal evidence allows us to call the first argument a subject and the second argument an object. But there is also a third type of situation in which the type of case marking is non-canonical and grammatical relations are diffuse.