Grammar of Palestinian Jewish Aramaic by William B. Stevenson

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By William B. Stevenson

This quantity is meant basically to equip scholars for the studying of the Targums and the Aramaic parts of the Palestinian Talmud and Midrashim, and to supply a support to the examine of the Aramaic components inside the writings of the recent testomony.

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Examples of this pattern are furnished by Salt-Yui (Irwin 1971: 109, 111), and Wojokeso (West 1973: 10). The pattern distribution does not seem to correlate with any genetic grouping. A feature which is probably common to all medial verbs is that, from a morphological standpoint, they are all nominalizations. -C. languages which follow pattern one, above, the anticipatory desinence, which is invariably present in all medial verbs, is a personal pronoun, acting as the head of a Modifier + Head construction.

These and various other rules will be dealt with in section 2. Section 1 and 2 exhaustively treat all consonant contact phenom­ ena in Hua. 1 Rules of coalescence The archiphoneme K Word-internally, /g/ and /k/ contrast with each other in a number of environments. Morpheme-initially, they do not. Since the voicing of the velar stop after # (word boundaries) and + (prefix boundaries) is predictable by rule, underlying voice in these positions need not be specified, save for a handful of words. The archiphoneme /K/, occuring only morpheme-initially, is motiv­ ated by this predictability.

More tenuous evidence of the same alternation is to be found in the verbal paradigms of two major languages of the West-Central family, Enga and Kewa. In Enga, the post-verbal auxiliaries which mark tense are characterized by having back vowels in the first person of the dual and the plural, and front vowels in the 2/3 person dual and plural forms: xxxv INTRODUCTION Far past Near past Past Present Future dl. amba ambi pumba pimbi lambano lambino lyambano lyambino tamba tambi pl. ama ami puma pimi lamano lamino lyamano lyamino tama tami (Source: Adrienne Lang 1971: 29-58.

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