By Elizabeth Ramsden Eames, Richard W. Field
Experience and cost: Essays on John Dewey and Pragmatic Naturalism brings jointly twelve philosophical essays spanning the occupation of famous Dewey student, S. Morris Eames. the amount contains either reviews and interpretations of vital concerns in John Dewey’s worth idea in addition to the appliance of Eames’s pragmatic naturalism in addressing modern difficulties in social thought, schooling, and religion.
The assortment starts off with a dialogue of the underlying ideas of Dewey’s pragmatic naturalism, together with the techniques of nature, adventure, and philosophic process. Essays “Experience and Philosophical approach in John Dewey” and “Primary adventure within the Philosophy of John Dewey” enhance what Eames believed to be a imperative subject in Dewey’s idea and supply a theoretical framework for next discussion.
The quantity maintains with particular purposes of this framework within the parts of price concept, ethical concept, social philosophy, and the philosophy of faith. Eames’s research of price exposes the relationship among the instantly felt values of expertise and the extra refined judgments of price which are the made from mirrored image. From this foundation in ethical thought, Eames considers the derivation of judgments of legal responsibility from judgments of truth. This dialogue presents a grounding for a attention of up to date social matters directed via naturalistic and clinical principles.
In the 3rd part, with reference to academic conception, Eames considers attainable resolutions of the present dichotomy among the actual worldview of technological know-how and the humanistic worldview of the liberal arts. the excellent article, “Dewey’s perspectives of fact, attractiveness, and Goodness,” connects the essays of the 1st and moment sections and explores the location of Dewey’s price concept with appreciate to morals and aesthetics. With “Creativity and Democracy,” within the fourth part, Eames additionally considers the concept that of democracy from the perspective of present and historic matters confronted by means of society. this text tricks at a big undertaking of Eames’s highbrow life—the conception of democracy.
The quantity concludes with a dialogue of the trouble of retaining the values of non secular adventure in a scientifically and technologically refined global, the very subject that first introduced Eames to philosophy—the which means of faith and the spiritual lifestyles. instructed options are provided in “The misplaced person and spiritual Unity.”
Experience and price: Essays on John Dewey and Pragmatic Naturalism illuminates Eames’ lifetime of inquiry, a existence that integrated ethical, social, aesthetic, and spiritual dimensions of value—all suffused with the effect of John Dewey.
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Additional info for Experience and Value: Essays on John Dewey & Pragmatic Naturalism
Whereas it is true that the occurrence of the voice box is a biological condition for the emergence of speech, it is a mistake to reduce complex speech functions in humans to their preconditions. Reductionism is sometimes called the “nothing but” fallacy. Water is said to be “nothing but” the elements that compose it; yet we know that water has qualities and relations that emerge from the combination of oxygen and hydrogen, qualities that oxygen and hydrogen do not have. I wish to include here an example of Dewey’s use of nonreductionism and his concept of emergence because it has been the subject of so much misunderstanding (Kaufmann 1959).
These feeling-states are simply “had”; they are not cognized or known. Even on the subconscious level, however, these feeling-qualities have a powerful effect in organic behavior, for they guide it into similar kinds of responses or into new experiences. At the later stages of development where the human organism’s more complex activities and knowing-states emerge, these organic feelings are never absent. Sometimes in the history of philosophy it has been held that we encounter in experience ready-made sensations and ready-made concepts.
See also George Santayana’s “Dewey’s Naturalistic Metaphysics” (1951). Also, Russell’s essay, “Dewey’s New Logic” (1951) in the same volume seems a similar sweeping rejection. For expression of a rejection of Dewey’s philosophy on one specific issue, see May Brodbeck’s “The New Rationalism: Dewey’s Theory of Induction” (1949). 2. Most of Dewey’s critics belong to this group, although in most cases, it seems that the “revision” would be less of an amendment than a remaking. For an example of the revising critic, see A.