Encomium of Ptolemy Philadelphus (Hellenistic Culture and by Theocritus

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By Theocritus

Less than Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the midst of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria turned the intense multicultural capital of the Greek international. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus--at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh--is the single prolonged poetic tribute to this impressive ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, an entire line-by-line statement, and huge introductory stories of the poem's ancient and literary context, this quantity additionally bargains a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. particularly, the ebook explores the delicate and intricate hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the following flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age. because the first particular account of this crucial poem to teach how Theocritus may have drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to previous Greek poetry, this e-book gives specific perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse can have helped to barter the difference of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the recent Hellenistic international. beneficial for its transparent translation and its remark on style, dialect, diction, and ancient reference on the subject of Theocritus's Encomium, the e-book can also be major for what it unearths concerning the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his numerous readerships.COVER photo: the picture at the entrance disguise of this ebook is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the proper caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; through permission of the Museum of excellent Arts, Boston).

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115 Moreover, there is no good evidence that the leading scholar-poets were much interested in Egyptian antiquities, whereas, for example, it is clear that the Aitia reflect many of the same interests that we can trace in Callimachus’s prose researches. This view of Alexandrian society as purely “Greek” has come under increasing challenge in recent years, but there are also more general considerations of poetic interpretation in play here. To accept the possibility that Alexandrian “court poetry” might allude to or allow Egyptian ideas or iconography to resonate is of course, pace Zanker, neither the same thing as believing that “the regents .

22 (Kurhnai'o" d j ejsti; kai; Kallivmaco" kai; jEratosqevnh", ajmfovteroi tetimhmevnoi para; toi'" Aijguptivwn basileu'sin) and Aul. Gell. ) refer to actual “court titles” or honors is disputed. Gelzer (1982) would see a reflection of the diªerences in position between Callimachus and Theocritus in the respective manners in which they write of the royal family; it is certainly true that Callimachus’s “laureate” poems convey a very particular tone of intimacy. Cf. further below on Idyll 15. 71. Cf.

95. Introduction / 49 some central motifs of, say, Egyptian royal cult and of the Egyptian vocabulary for and iconography of the “Ptolemy-pharaohs” and, moreover, selected and shaped the Greek material of their poems in such a way as to allow Egyptian patterns, as well as Greek, to resonate; there were certainly enough Greek-speaking Egyptian men of learning available to oªer instruction, should someone seek them out. With such a scenario, we would then not be faced with a simple choice between “Greek” and “Egyptian” readings.

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