Emotive Communication in Japanese by Satoko Suzuki

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By Satoko Suzuki

It has turn into good famous that affective dimensions of language represent a vital part of the linguistic process. jap presents a main instance of the importance of emotivity because it has grammaticalized a large choice of expressions to speak affective info. The gathered articles show the wealthy variety of emotive verbal exchange in jap and study quite a few expressions with theoretical views which are frequently self sufficient from Western types. This quantity displays the impact of conventional jap students for whom analyzing affective-relational points of language has lengthy been a important trouble. The authors also are prompted by way of more moderen students in eastern pragmatics equivalent to Susumu Kuno, Akio Kamio, and Senko ok. Maynard. additionally they draw on anthropological notions similar to the interior vs. outdoors dichotomy which have been used to explain eastern society.

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C :(TSK) dakara , :togireteru toki ni= , K :un . C :(TSK) hoka ni dekiten da yo . ), K :uh-huh. C :(she) dated five (guys). K :Don’t you think anything :about that? ) C :hmm. :It’s not that it doesn’t bother me, :but it cannot be helped. K :then :(you mean), C :(TSK) K :While she was dating five guys, :(you) were not dating her wake. :there was no relationship (between you two) wake. How does ‘reason’ become less and less reasonable? C :Basically, :When we were not seeing each other, K :yeah. C :she had (boyfriends) elsewhere.

Yet another example which exhibits the importance of the soliloquy/dialogue distinction, thereby supporting the subjectivity/intersubjectivity dyad is Nitta’s (1991) observation of Japanese volitional expressions such as suru/yaru ‘will do’ and suru tsumorida/yaru tsumorida ‘intend to do’. Both of these are equally volitional expressions, but Nitta notes that the verb suru/yaru ‘will do’ can be used in soliloquy, but the second verb with the added auxiliary tsumorida ‘intend’ can not. This is seen in the fact that the former can be embedded in the verb omou ‘think’ as in (6)b, but the latter can not, as in (7)b.

Un. RT P : no hoo o mite ne=, side GEN direction ACC see PTCL : ... kuchi n naka de, mouth GEN inside COP :... word : ... tsubuyaita no ga, mutter:PST NMZ NOM :wakatta wake. understand:PST WAKE : ... ya, How does ‘reason’ become less and less reasonable? NEG :... hakkiri, clearly :kuchi n naka de, mouth GEN inside COP : ... man : <@ ttsutten no, QUO:say:STAT NMZ :wakatta wake @>. understand:PST WAKE A :... @@[@@] P :(There was) the terrace, :…right in front of us, :a group of about five :girls, :passed by, :you see wake.

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