Egyptian-Coptic Linguistics in Typological Perspective by Martin Haspelmath, Eitan Grossman

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By Martin Haspelmath, Eitan Grossman

This quantity provides the Egyptian-Coptic language in cross-linguistic viewpoint. it truly is aimed toward linguists of all stripes, specially typologists, historic linguists, and experts in Egyptian-Coptic, Afroasiatic languages, or African languages. The publication is the 1st to compile language typology and the Egyptian-Coptic language in an particular model.

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Above, § 6), Egyptian was traditionally subdivided into three language phases corresponding with the three writing systems Hieroglyphic/Hieratic, Demotic, and Coptic. On the basis of linguistic features Erman subdivided the hieroglyphic section into Ancient Egyptian (altaegyptisch) and Late Egyptian (Erman 1878: 3: jungaegyptisch, Erman 1880: neuägyptisch), although he was aware of the dependence of these features on both language change in time, and different linguistic registers:83 “While all texts written in hieroglyphs … were called Ancient Egyptian (altaegyptisch) up to now, I call only the ancient classical language by this name, which is preserved as a living language in the sacred books and the earlier inscriptions; I choose however the term Late Egyptian (neuaegyptisch) to designate the vulgar language of the New Kingdom which I shall deal with in this work.

From Steinthal 1860: 231–232) The concept of weltgeschichtliche Völker (already found in Steinthal 1850: 88–89) left no choice as to the classification of Egyptian, despite its “lack of euphony” and overall “bare, rigid plainness” (Steinthal 1860: 232). , languages distinguishing matter and form, see n. 44 and Ringmacher (2001a: 1433–1434). 48 The Caucasian race as an overarching ethnic unit is still present in Finck (1909: 7–42), who subdivided it, linguistically, into Indo-European, Hamito-Semitic, Caucasian, and Dravidian languages.

Some roots, as in Chinese, are either verb, substantive, or adjective – thus, ankh, ‘live, life, alive,’ sekhi, ‘write, a writing, writer’ – others are only verbs or only nouns. A word used as substantive is generally marked by a prefixed article … it has no declension, the objective uses being indicated by prepositions. The personal inflection of the verb is made by means of suffixed pronominal endings, also loosely attached, and capable of being omitted in the third person when a noun is expressed as subject of the verb.

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