Divine Talk: Religious Argumentation in Demosthenes by Gunther Martin

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By Gunther Martin

Gunther Martin examines the references to faith within the speeches of Demosthenes and different Athenian orators within the 4th century BC. partly I he demonstrates the position faith performs within the rhetorical technique of speeches in political trials: his major argument is that audio system needed to be constant of their method of faith all through their occupation. It used to be impossible to alter from being a realistic to a `religious' speaker and again, however it used to be attainable, whilst writing for others, to exploit faith in a fashion one do not need used it whilst providing a speech oneself. partly II Martin bargains with meeting speeches and speeches in deepest trials, during which spiritual references are a ways scarcer. within the meeting, except certainly spiritual issues are mentioned, faith turns out to were virtually inadmissible, whereas in inner most trials it truly is procedural parts that offer the vast majority of spiritual references.

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26 We may only assume that Demosthenes could not invent a ‘typical feature’ before an audience familiar with the conventions of the Dionysia. He might, though, exaggerate the conspicuousness of the connection between choregos and crown. As to the crown of the winner and the one worn during the festival Demosthenes is certainly right in making this distinction. 27 Both passages hint at the same point and may therefore represent a common perception. 23 Choregoi are mentioned Wrst in the sentence ïƒ ôïßíıí åïæïd .

The passage follows close upon the argument on IóÝâåØÆ and the acts described are closely linked to those that are associated with impiety. Thus there is continuity from the IóÝâåØÆpart to this example, and the impious acts are in retrospect characterized as lack of self-restraint. In this way Midias’ (potential) IóÝâåØÆ is clearly depicted as an exit from the ðïºØôåßÆ. The breach of åPóÝâåØÆ (a virtue closely connected with conformity with the rules of the society)62 adds to his increasing separation from the ðüºØò.

24 Speeches in Public Trials Demosthenes’ whole argument about the winner’s crown, however, seems to be beside the point. It does not at Wrst sight become apparent why he draws this distinction. 28 If that is so, Demosthenes by highlighting the diVerences to his case once more insists that Midias’ punch was not just a clash of private individuals. But he also reveals that neither the public nor the (even more signiWcant) speciWcally religious dimension of the accusation was obvious. If people when they heard of a choregic crown were reminded of the winner, they may have associated it rather with a private party.

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