By Anne M. Van Leeuwen, Marijke Vroomen-Durning, Debra J. Poelhuis
This is the knowledge nurses and nursing scholars want to know approximately laboratory and diagnostic assessments! This nursing-focused, easy-to-read instruction manual presents all the info you must know how exams paintings, interpret their effects, and supply caliber sufferer care, together with assessing, tracking, and educating at each level of care—pre-test, intra-test, and post-test. checks and techniques are indexed in alphabetical order by way of their entire identify for speedy reference. The built-in index permits quickly searches via abbreviation, synonym, disease/disorder, specimen sort, or try out class. Plus, a physique structures Appendix encompasses a checklist of universal laboratory and diagnostic exams for every physique approach in addition to nutrition-related lab assessments. Monographs each one written in particular to target what you want to do ahead of, in the course of, and after every one laboratory and diagnostic attempt. specified insurance of laboratory and diagnostic assessments for subspecialties, comparable to maternity, healing drug tracking, foodstuff and sensory. Reference levels expressed in either traditional and SI devices (with the SI unit conversion issue) comprise age and gender-specific diversifications while indicated and common diversifications as a result of cultural issues.
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Additional resources for Davis's Comprehensive Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests with Nursing Implications
Review the procedure with the patient. Inform the patient that specimen collection takes approximately 5 to 10 min. Address concerns about pain and explain that there may be some discomfort during the venipuncture. ➧ There are no food, fluid, or medication restrictions unless by medical direction. INTRATEST: ➧ If the patient has a history of allergic reaction to latex, avoid the use of equipment containing latex. ➧ Instruct the patient to cooperate fully and to follow directions. Direct the patient to breathe normally and to avoid unnecessary movement.
Attach the stopcock and manometer, and measure initial CSF pressure. Normal pressure for an adult in the lateral recumbent position is 90 to 180 mm H2O. These values depend on the body position and are different in a horizontal or sitting position. ➧ If the initial pressure is elevated, the HCP may perform Queckenstedt’s test. To perform this test, apply pressure to the jugular vein for about 10 sec. CSF pressure usually rises in response to the occlusion, then rapidly returns to normal within 10 sec after the pressure is released.
An HCP or nutritionist should be consulted before considering the use of salt substitutes. ➧ Reinforce information given by the patient’s HCP regarding further testing, treatment, or referral to another HCP. Answer any questions or address any concerns voiced by the patient or family. ➧ Depending on the results of this procedure, additional testing may be performed to evaluate or monitor progression of the disease process and determine the need for a change in therapy. Evaluate test results in relation to the patient’s symptoms and other tests performed.