Constituent Order in Classical Latin Prose (Studies in by Olga Spevak

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By Olga Spevak

Latin is a language with variable (so-called 'free') notice order. Constituent Order in Classical Latin Prose (Caesar, Cicero, and Sallust) offers the 1st systematic description of its constituent order from a practical perspective. except normal features of Latin constituent order, it discusses the ordering of the verb and its arguments in declarative, interrogative, and primary sentences, in addition to the ordering inside noun words. It exhibits that the connection of a constituent with its surrounding context and the communicative goal of the author are the main trustworthy predictors of the order of components in a sentence or noun word. It differs from contemporary experiences of Latin note order in its scope, its theoretical strategy, and its awareness to contextual details. The publication is meant either for Latinists and for linguists operating within the fields of the Romance languages and language typology.

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I find it very difficult to decide on the informative contribution of each element in the sentence, as postulated by the Functional Sentence Perspective (cf. 2 below). However, I will integrate its concept of contextual 1. Weil established a distinction between “languages with a free construction” and “languages with a fixed construction”, based on his observations of Greek, Latin, French and German. 2. Well-known examples in English are sentences such as: Peter beats Paul and Paul beats Peter where Peter and Paul do not have the same function (Marouzeau 1953: ix).

Sal. Jug. 2–3) (15) (Iugurtha) At ille sese in loca saltuosa et natura but he refl to places woody and naturally 17. Cf. the concept of ‘predictability’ applied to Polish by Siewierska (1998b) following Givón (1983). The predictability that a constituent appears (Givón’s “Task urgency principle”) can be theoretically measured using referential distance, by taking into consideration the number of sentences between the examined occurrence of a word and its occurrence in the preceding context.

Hyperbaton or discontinuity of noun phrases Latin allows discontinuity, i. e. 21 Whereas French or English noun phrases22 are normally not interrupted by other elements, discontinuity can be observed in other modern European languages, for example in Polish and Russian (Siewierska 1988:€170). In Latin, several types of discontinuity may be distinguished, depending on the elements that produce it (cf. Pinkster 2005b and Gettert 1999). In Sections 2, 3, and 5, we have seen that noun phrases and prepositional phrases are separated by enclitics and postpositive particles.

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