By Mridula Mukherjee
During this learn of the agrarian economic climate of Punjab in India's colonial interval, the writer takes the commercial points of the lives of Punjab's peasants as a place to begin for realizing the politics of this team from the Twenties to 1947. A comparability is made among Punjab and different areas of colonial India, particularly jap India.
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Additional resources for Colonizing Agriculture: The Myth of Punjab Exceptionalism (Sage Series in Modern Indian History, 9)
98 Col. 4A Col. 4B Col. 06 Col. 12 Col. 1B 1930–31 Montgomery District: Holding A Lyallpur District: Holding A Holding B Holding C (Govt. Farm of 700 acres) Jhelum District: Holding A Holding B Holding C Holding D Rohtak District: Holding A Holding B Holding C Holding D Multan District: Holding A Holding B Holding C Col. 97 Col. 29 Col. 06 Col. 26 Col. 83 Col. 93 Col. 10 Col. 4A Col. 4B Col. 4C 1928–29 1930–31 1937–38 Peasants as Tax-Payers 9 Col. 2A 1928–29 Col. 2B 1930–31 Col. 2C 1937–38 Col.
II Problems with the Method of Assessment The colonial officials, who argued that land revenue formed a decreasing and insignificant proportion of the landowner’s income because of the rising prices of agricultural commodities, assumed that the cultivators’ income had increased in proportion to the rise in prices. This assumption was, however, not valid. (I have argued this at length in the first section of Chapter 3). Settlement officers, too, tended to ignore the whole question of costs of cultivation and its role in determining the land revenue assessment.
Congested areas are more highly assessed than those sparsely populated”. Written opinion of H. Calvert, LRCR, pp. 210–11. For a similar view, also see the Settlement Manual, pp. 177, 185. 28 LRCR, p. 55. Even the normal process of a new settlement meant the oppression of a whole body of revenue staff “who preyed on the cultivators” for five to six years. Trevaskis, The Land of the Five Rivers, p. 273. Peasants as Tax-Payers 21 even paying half the taxes was a considerable burden. 2), the effect of land revenue was directly felt on the rents and income of a very substantial portion of the cultivated land.