Coarticulation and Sound Change in Romance by Daniel Recasens

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By Daniel Recasens

This quantity may be of significant curiosity to phoneticians, phonologists, and either ancient and cognitive linguists. utilizing information from the Romance languages for the main half, the publication explores the phonetic motivation of a number of sound adjustments, e.g., float insertions and elisions, vowel and consonant insertions, elisions, assimilations and dissimilations. in the framework of the DAC (degree of articulatory constraint) version of coarticulation, it truly demonstrates that the typology and course of those sound alterations could very mostly be accounted for by means of the coarticulatory results happening among adjoining or neighbouring phonetic segments, and through the levels of articulatory constraint imposed through audio system at the creation of vowels and consonants. The phonetically-based reasons awarded listed below are formulated at the foundation of coarticulation information from speech construction and belief study performed over the past fifty years and are complemented with information at the co-occurrence of phonetic segments in lexical kinds of the languages being thought of. cognizance is usually paid to the function that positional and prosodic components play in sound swap implementation, in addition to to the cognitive and peripheral innovations keen on segmental replacements, elisions and insertions.

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3; Recasens et al. 1997). In parallel to purely palatal consonants, front velars, which also exhibit a constriction location at the hard palate, exert equally prominent anticipatory and carryover C-to-V effects in F2 frequency (Recasens et al. 1997). According to the same literature source, back velars favor anticipatory over carryover C-to-V effects which, as shown by kinematic lingual data for [aka, uku], could be associated with the presence of a continuous forward dorsal movement during their closure or constriction period (Mooshammer, Hoole & Künhert 1995).

Additional predorsum lowering and postdorsum backing towards the upper pharynx or velar zone for the dark variety of the consonant render it more [u]-like or [ɔ]- or [o]-like. Indeed, [ɫ] may be replaced by [w] as for Fr. haut ALTU where [o] must derive from [aw] as suggested by the orthography, and also by a mid back rounded vowel or glide as shown by the Gascon variants [ˈsaota] SALTAT and [ˈtaɔpo] TALPA (Fleischer 1912:â•›59–60), and by Old Genoese aotri ‘It. altri’ and faosi ‘It. falsi’ (Guarnerio 1918:â•›104).

Freixe FRAXINU (Rohlfs 1966:â•›408). 17 chapter 2 Consonant-dependent processes involving target vocalic segments This chapter is about the effect of consonants on the implementation of vocalic insertions, elisions, assimilations and dissimilations. 3 the phonetic characteristics and the directionality patterns of the relevant sound changes and their relationship with the production properties of the triggering consonants. 3 with consonant-dependent assimilatory and dissimilatory changes in vowel quality.

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