By Clifford Kinvig
The tale of Britain's invasion of Russia on the finish of the 1st global conflict has remained principally untold. even supposing now not its preliminary architect, its leader suggest, was once the passionately anti-Bolshevik, Winston Churchill. Churchill's campaign is the 1st whole account of a different army operation - one that, if it had succeeded, may have replaced the heritage of Russia, Europe and the area.
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Additional resources for Churchill's Crusade: The British Invasion of Russia, 1918-1920
Bilney, a naval aviator, explained that the procedure was to find a merchantman flying the red flag and present the ultimatum, 'Surrrender or you will be torpedoed'. The CMBs would then do a couple of quick circuits around the merchantman with the commander of the lead boat firing his pistol at the bridge. Shortly after, the red flag would be lowered and the surrender negotiated. 20 In this way a Caspian flotilla of armed merchantmen was established, commanded by British officers and crewed by Russians watched carefully by Royal Marine guards.
Woods agreed to the task and so began his valuable relationship with this fiercely independent people. Active recruiting began and within a month a 500strong regiment had been created. All the men had experience in the Imperial Russian Army and they proved, at least in the view of their commander, to be a well-disciplined force, free of insubordination, drunkenness or complaints. The regiment's strength ultimately rose to 4000. Using a transport force of small boats manned by brightly-dressed village women and basing its movements on excellent intelligence from the local population, the regiment steadily cleared Karelia of the German and Finnish invaders in a summer and autumn campaign of small engagements.
While the two forces had their separate commanders, in overall charge of the Allied effort in north Russia was Major General Frederick Poole. Most authorities write of General Poole's distinguished early military career, apparently unaware that he had retired from the Army in the spring of 1914 after twenty-five years' service with the relatively modest rank of major. He rejoined the service when the war broke out and thereafter, like many experienced regular officers, levitated very rapidly through the ranks.