By Professor Dr. Klaus Weltner (auth.)
Information idea and cybernetics have built alongside a bit various strains in Europe and within the U. S. A. This ebook is to be visible as a contribution in the direction of bridging the space. a person who seeks to use info conception within the fields of schooling and psychology very quickly comes up opposed to a significant diffi culty: within the shape within which it used to be built through Shannon details thought excludes the semantic element. This challenge is prime for in schooling, as in psychology, the semantic element is the very middle of the problem. hence, whereas Attneave, Miller and Quastler, between others, effectively hired the recommendations and devices of dimension of in formation concept within the interpretation of the findings of experimental psychology, they have been obliged to limit their paintings to its syntactic and statistical points. earlier than we will utilize the tools and result of details we need to clear up the significant challenge: How can conception in real educating, we degree the semantic details of a verbal message? the one approach to do that is by way of extending the idea. a unique notion has been deve loped for this objective: subjective info. in preference to an objectively measurable volume (frequency of signal sequences) we set an empirically decided one: the subjective likelihood with which the recipient expects a undeniable signal sequence.