Case-Marking in Contact: The development and function of by Felicity Meakins

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By Felicity Meakins

Till lately, combined languages have been thought of an oddity of touch linguistics, with debates approximately whether they really existed stifling a lot descriptive paintings or dialogue in their origins. those debates have shifted from wondering their lifestyles to a spotlight on their formation, and their social and structural positive aspects. This ebook goals to improve our knowing of the way combined languages evolve through introducing a considerable corpus from a newly-described combined language, Gurindji Kriol. Gurindji Kriol is spoken through the Gurindji those who dwell at Kalkaringi in northern Australia and is the results of pervasive code-switching practices. even supposing Gurindji Kriol bears a few resemblance to either one of its resource languages, it makes use of the kinds from those languages to operate inside a special process. This ebook specializes in one structural point of Gurindji Kriol, case morphology, that is from Gurindji, yet capabilities in ways in which vary from its resource.

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Extra resources for Case-Marking in Contact: The development and function of case morphology in Gurindji Kriol (Creole Language Library)

Sample text

Oldei (continuative), mait (potential), garra (obligation/future) (J. Munro, 2005: 87). (14) is an example of a verb which is marked for past tense and continuative aspect preverbally. The verb itself can take a small number of bound morphemes which are ordered: transitive marker, adverbial particle, aspectual marker. Transitive verbs are marked with -im which is derived from the third person pronoun him (English) or im (Kriol) (Meyerhoff, 1996). Adverbial particles may also be suffixed to the verb stem.

S=PP take-TR cake shop-ALL 'One woman takes a cake to the shop: (FHM125: LE18yr: Allative pictures) Chapter 1. Introduction 29 The final use of the dative marker on a nominal is in a purposive function. In (46), ngarlu 'honey' takes dative case, indicating that it is the purpose for the action of hitting the tree. A Kriol preposition or double-marking is also found in these constructions. S=PP hit-TR-CONT tree honey-DAT 'The girl hits the tree in order to get honey: (FHM062: SS18yr: Bingo cards) A verbal construction which looks similar to the nominal purposive function also uses the dative marker.

FHMOOl: ACllyr: Possession cards) 27 28 Case-Marking in Contact (40) kaya bin kam jawurra papap, Nima-yu papap. B: CA19yr: Monster story) The dative marker is also found on interrogative nominals (41). e. e. 'for whom: (41) ah wijan-ku langa na nyawa. B: CA19yr: Possession books) The dative marker may also be used to mark a nominal beneficiary, for instance pujikat 'cat' in (42). Again the Kriol preposition bo also functions in this way (43). (42) i=m fil-im-ap ngapulu nganta nyanuny pujikat-tu.

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