Cambridge in the Age of the Enlightenment: Science, Religion by John Gascoigne

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By John Gascoigne

This booklet makes an attempt to protect using the time period 'English Enlightenment' by utilizing overdue 17th- and eighteenth-century Cambridge for instance of the frequent diffusion of a few of the executive features of the Enlightenment in the Church of britain and the English 'Establishment' extra more often than not. It additionally seeks to supply a social context for the dissemination of such rules by way of indicating how the political and ecclesiastical results of such occasions because the recovery, the wonderful Revolution and the French Revolution helped both to facilitate or to hamper that linkage among Anglicanism and technological know-how that is occasionally known as 'the holy alliance'. In precis, the ebook argues that during the interval 1660-88 there has been little political or ecclesiastical encouragement for such an alliance whereas the interval 1688-1760 used to be, against this, its heyday.

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1669) remarked that the English clergy are 'less respected generally than any in Europe' while Defoe commented that 'the ecclesiastical power has lost its credit' (Overton, 1885: 302—3). The strength of this anti-clericalism has also left a more tangible record in the way in which clerical landed incomes fell significantly behind their lay counterparts up to the mid-eighteenth century - a result, in part, of the refusal of lay tenants (often broad-acred members of the governing classes) to permit clerical landowners to extract the same rents and conditions that they themselves demanded (Best, 1964: 101; Clay, 1980).

Cooper, 1842-1908, in: 589). Initially, too, Cambridge, long accustomed to royal interference in its affairs (Churchill, 1922: 315), complied with James's demands. In 1686 Sidney Sussex College dutifully elected Joshua Restoration, religion and reaction Basset as master despite his obvious Roman Catholic sympathies. Once in office the traditional anti-popery oaths were dispensed with and Basset declared himself a Roman Catholic; he also had the statutes altered to allow his co-religionaries to be elected fellows.

H. Cooper, 1842-1908, 111: 563). However, this concession plainly did not quieten the university's fears about the extent of royal interference since in 1682 another royal letter stipulated that mandates need only be accepted if they were approved by the archbishop of Canterbury (Churchill, 1922: 312). , Tanner MS 35: 96; Manuel, 1968: 103). Cambridge's opposition to James H's attacks on its autonomy can therefore be seen as a continuation of its efforts during the reign of Charles II to reduce the power of the central government in its internal affairs - though James's Catholicising policies made the previously largely unnoticed conflict a matter of national importance.

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