Bioceramics and Their Clinical Applications by T Kokubo

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By T Kokubo

Bioceramics were used very effectively in the human physique for a few years. they're regular in orthopaedic surgical procedure and dentistry yet they're probably compatible for quite a lot of very important purposes in the scientific gadget undefined. this significant publication reports the variety of bioceramics, their homes and variety of medical uses.

Chapters within the first part of the e-book discusses problems with value to more than a few bioceramics reminiscent of their constitution, mechanical houses and organic interactions. the second one half reports the fabrication, microstructure and homes of particular bioceramics and glasses, targeting the main promising fabrics. those contain alumina and zirconia ceramics, bioactive glasses and bioactive glass-ceramics, calcium sulphate, tricalcium phosphate-based ceramics, hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite biphasic ceramics, si-substrated hydroxyapatite, calcium phosphate cement, calcium phosphate coating, titania-based fabrics, ceramic-polymer composites, dental ceramics and dental glass-ceramics. the ultimate team of chapters reports the medical functions of bioceramics in joint substitute, bone grafts, tissue engineering and dentistry.

Bioceramics and their scientific purposes is written via prime lecturers from all over the world and it offers an authoritative evaluate of this hugely energetic sector of study. This publication is an invaluable source for biomaterials scientists and engineers, in addition to for clinicians and the tutorial community.

  • Provides an authoritative evaluation of this hugely lively region of research
  • Discusses problems with value of more than a few bioceramics resembling their constitution, mechanical houses and organic interactions
  • Reviews the scientific functions of bioceramics in joint substitute, bone grafts, tissue engineering and dentistry

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2 Scanning electron micrograph of fracture surface of fibrolamellar bone. The fracture surface is normal to the long axis of the whole bone. The repeat distance is about 200 μm. The large cavities are spaces for blood vessel networks. Each blood vessel network is flanked by lamellar bone, which in turn has more randomly arranged woven bone between it and the next lamellar bone. 3 Scanning electron micrograph of Haversian (secondarily remodelled) bone. The bone was infiltrated with resin before being polished and the bone etched away a little.

Wilson et al. (2006) argue, with some experimental evidence, that water plays an important role, both in stabilising the imperfect lattice of the hydroxyapatite, and also in possibly coupling the mineral and the bone. Suffice it to say that tight bonding between the collagen and apatite is possible, and most workers in deriving models for the behaviour of bone assume a perfect bond between the two types of material. 9 Impact energy absorption of compact bone specimens from a variety of sources.

Note how different layers of the lamellar bone etch differentially. Width of field of view about 200 μm. 4 Cancellous bone. Both the bone and the spaces (filled in life with marrow fat) are interconnected. 3 9 Mechanical properties Because the mechanical properties of bone are so important, and because this matter is not dealt with elsewhere, I discuss here a couple of mechanical concepts, particularly as they relate to relatively stiff materials. 1 Stress and strain One must distinguish ‘stress’ and ‘strain’ since they are totally different concepts.

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