Ancient Greece: From the Mycanaean Palaces to the Age of by Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos

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By Sigrid Deger-Jalkotzy, Irene S. Lemos

This publication is the main primary reinterpretation of old Greek heritage, tradition, and society in thirty years. The authors refute the conventional view of the Greek darkish Age with facts of a gradual development from Mycenaean kingship to the belief of aristocratic the Aristocracy within the Archaic period.

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G. 14) but found also at Mycenae in its walls and in the underground ‘Perseia’ springhouse (Küpper 1996: 35–8; Maran 2003: 261–4). Although the earliest instance of this technique in the Aegean is the underground springhouse in the fortifications at Ayia Irini on Keos dating to LM I (Caskey 1971: 365–7), there are no comparable examples except in Anatolia and north Syria. There it appears in the postern beneath the Postern Wall of the Old Hittite period (Büyükkale IVC) in the sixteenth to fifteenth centuries  at Bog˘azköy and at Alis¸ar in its underground passage beneath the fortification (Neve 1982: 39–45), and later examples are known from Bog˘azköy, Alaça Hüyük, Gavurkale, and Ras Shamra that belong in the thirteenth century (Naumann 1971: 124–31, 302–4).

When the palace burned these timbers left impressions, and the mortar between the pillars left a crumbly slag-like fill that excavators thought they recognised as chases of a timber framework. Dörpfeld originally recognised these traces at Tiryns in the wall construction of room XLIII, although he, as others who followed him, did not understand them (Müller 1930: 180–2). Other examples are apparent at Mycenae, where it was first documented by K. Schaar, who thought it a variant of a timber support system (Schaar 1967: 46–8, 67–71).

Despite this interpretation it is hard to think that the filling of walls would have had no structural purpose; this is especially so in the laid rubble fill in some of the temples. Differences of interpretation notwithstanding, the structural similarities between this old       33 Anatolian system and that employed in the latest phases of the Mycenaean palaces are surely owed to some exchange of technology, probably accomplished through the exchange of craftspersons (Zaccagnini 1983).

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