By Albert L. Lloyd
The continued debate over the life or non-existence of formal verbal point in Gothic prompted the writer to write down this monograph whose target is to supply a totally new starting place for a thought of element and comparable good points. Gothic, with its restricted corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and exhibiting attention-grabbing parallels with Slavic verbal structures, serves and an illustrative version for the idea. partially I the writer argues unified idea of point, actional forms, and verbal speed provided there possesses an inner good judgment and isn't at variance with saw evidence in quite a few Indo-European languages. partially II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb approach which seeks to provide an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to resolve the matter of Gothic element and actional varieties which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.
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Additional resources for Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity
Figure 2 We have used t h e t e r m ' c o m p l e t e a c t i o n ' s e v e r a l t i m e s ; a t t h i s p o i n t we a r e i n a p o s i t i o n t o d e f i n e i t more p r e cisely. We s h a l l l a b e l as a COMPLETE ACTION o r COMPLETE CHANGE an a c t i o n which r e p r e s e n t s a c o m p l e t e change from one t e m p o r a l p a t h ( i . e . , one s t a t e of a c t i o n a l r e s t ) t o 5 The formula involved is the usual (simplified) velocity equation , where ν represents actional velocity, s actional displacement, and t temporal displacement.
Since spatial considerations have no effect on the actional characteristics of the predication, the terms 'indetermin ate' and 'determinate' have no actional significance. Nevertheless, confusion between the overlapping spa tial and actional planes can easily set in, leading to the separation of basically non-cumulative verbs of motion into indeterminate-non-cumulatives on the one hand and determinate-cumulatives on the other. Even in English the verb go, which is clearly non-cumulative in the few uses in which it may still be used indeterminately ('The engine is going now'), has in most other uses acquired cumulative characteristics ('He went, therefore he is gone') and may even be used figuratively to represent a pure change of state ('He went mad').
Why must we limit ourselves to physical actions? The activity of 'thinking' certainly fits the definition. As a matter of fact, any can be seen to consist of individual pulses. ACTIVITY One may therefore define an ACTIVITY as a multipartite action, and an ACT as a unipartite action. Some activities are more obviously multipartite than others because of a number of interlocking factors: 1) The alignment of the pulses. , in the direction of a particular change) and build one upon the other in a cumulative fashion, the overall cumulative change may overshadow the individual pulses.