Alabama Blast Furnaces (Library Alabama Classics) by Joseph H. Woodward II, James R. Bennett

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By Joseph H. Woodward II, James R. Bennett

The normal resource on all of the furnaces that made Alabama the world over major within the iron and metal industry.This paintings is the 1st and is still the single resource of data on all blast furnaces outfitted and operated in Alabama, from the 1st identified charcoal furnace of 1815 (Cedar Creek Furnace in Franklin County) to the coke-fired giants outfitted earlier than the onset of the nice melancholy. Woodward surveys the iron from the early, small neighborhood industry furnaces in the course of the upward push of the iron in help of the accomplice conflict attempt, to the enormous across the world vital that constructed within the Eighteen Nineties. the majority of the publication involves person illustrated histories of all blast furnaces ever built and operated within the country? furnaces that went into construction and 4 that have been equipped yet by no means went into blast. Written to supply a list of each blast furnace inbuilt Alabama from 1815 to 1940, this ebook used to be greatly acclaimed and this present day continues to be essentially the most quoted references at the iron and metal undefined.

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And too, with each succeeding year charcoal became scarcer and more expensive as forests surrounding furnaces were gradually depleted. In the Fall of 1875 it was decided to use Alabama coke to smelt Alabama red hematite ore. Perhaps the iron-masters had forgotten the experiment during the Civil War. At any rate there was divided opinion on the practicability of this new move. In February, 1876, however the first cast of coke iron was made. Opinion still remained divided; some declared the iron a success, others ridiculed the attempt.

7 gross tons of pig and rolled iron. And the total iron delivered to the government from Jan. 1, 1863 to Sept. 8 gross tons. Another report, dated Nov. 20, 1864, to the Chief of the Nitre and Mining Bureau states: "In one case the government furnace in Bibb County, Alabama, averaged through the month thirteen tons of iron per day, and at another furnace an average of ten tons per day was obtained for one month. " Despite the smallness of this amount, Alabama delivered to the Confederacy more iron than the rest of the Southern States combined.

The cost of charcoal iron, even in 1873, was too high to compete with cheaper Northern coke iron. Only for specialized castings was charcoal iron used. And too, with each succeeding year charcoal became scarcer and more expensive as forests surrounding furnaces were gradually depleted. In the Fall of 1875 it was decided to use Alabama coke to smelt Alabama red hematite ore. Perhaps the iron-masters had forgotten the experiment during the Civil War. At any rate there was divided opinion on the practicability of this new move.

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