By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an fiscal rut via new and unique learn bearing on construction, aid structures, caliber upkeep, and exchange platforms of Havana and its city agricultural area. specific recognition is given to quite a few comparable components, together with criminal frameworks, problems with irrigation, girls and their participation within the agricultural quarter. This publication has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, selection makers and people with a common curiosity within the administration and regulate of the city atmosphere.
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Additional info for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
The 340 people working in the OARs have maintained the original principles upon which the gardens were created. 34 Evolution of Urban Agriculture in Havana The component that has changed, however, is the producers' manner of involvement. Currently, each garden has its own administration under the EHM (except for the 3 managed by other institutions), which is the governing body for this activity in the city. The producers are farm workers receiving a basic salary and other income beyond their salary, depending on the level of production reached and sales.
Recently, new projects and actions have been included to introduce leading-edge technologies, such as greenhouses for the production of seedlings and for intensively grown fresh vegetables. Although these projects provide significant support for the availability of higher volumes of production and are sources of employment, they run the risk of creating a level of dependency contrary to the principles of economic and environmental sustainability, which is what we are seeking through this and other activities being carried out in Cuba.
The profits they make are used for paying salaries and buying agricultural input, seedlings and other products from government stores and private producers. The monthly income of the workers depends on the sales and the services rendered. 18 Representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture and the People's Council may be involved in the TCA sales through their relations with producers and according to the producers' requirements. They are paid on commission for their involvement in sales and in this way they supplement their incomes.