By Bruce L. Mouser
"Of the loads of logbooks and journals i've got tested, this can be the main useful for the slave exchange in western Africa.... [Mouser's] exhaustive history examine and enhancing are exemplary." -- George BrooksCaptain Samuel Gamble's log includes the checklist of a slaving enterprise to Africa and Jamaica that almost failed. it really is the best firsthand narratives of the slave exchange to outlive. Bruce Mouser's faithfully transcribed and punctiliously annotated variation of Gamble's log offers a haunting viewpoint on slave buying and selling on the finish of the 18th century. Gamble was once captain of the British service provider Sandown. in the course of 1793--1794, the send launched into a advertisement enterprise from England to higher Guinea in West Africa to shop for slaves and shipping them on the market in Kingston, Jamaica. Gamble describes transport at first of the Anglo-French conflict in 1793, naval and nautical tactics for the English-African-West Indian alternate, and the slave-trading styles and associations at the African coast and at Kingston, Jamaica. He recounts to boot a yellow fever epidemic that swept the Atlantic and crippled trade on each side of the sea. Mouser's huge annotations position Gamble's account in ancient context and clarify for the reader Gamble's observations on trade, affliction, and African peoples alongside the higher Guinea coast.
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Additional info for A Slaving Voyage to Africa and Jamaica: The Log of the Sandown, 1793-1794
84. To muster a crew meant to assemble them and explain tasks and legal obligations, according to the ship’s regulations and codes of maritime law. 85. According to Parliament, 33 Geo. 3rd, cap. 66, “Encouragement of Seamen,” passed 17 June 1793, agreed in Council 11 February 1793, Letters of Marque would remain in force only if ships accepted a customs search and permitted boarding by a surveyor who explained the contracts and issued a clearance certiﬁcate to leave the port. See Map No. 1, “England and Ireland,” for sites mentioned.
46. Trimming referred to adjusting the sails properly to take best advantage of the wind on the course desired; trimming usually involved bracing the yard arms. The sails had to be trimmed during tacking or altering course in other ways, such as falling off or jibing. Frequent trimming was also required because most lines were made of hemp, which stretched or contracted depending on climate, humidity, or wind force. 47. A longboat was generally the largest boat carried by a ship with a single mast, rigged fore-and-aft, with a single headsail.
This may have been a maneuver to dissuade a privateer from engaging the vessel at sea. Coughtry (Notorious Triangle, 71–72) described alterations that might be made to a slave-carrying vessel, noting that captains often cut portholes to provide improved ventilation in the slave compartment. Various drawings of the Sandown show that nine ports were made on each side of the vessel. Charlotte and Denis Plimmer (The Damn’d Master [London: New English Library, 1971], 43) noted that it was common for slavers to have air ports to provide for better air circulation below deck.