By Habibullah Tegey - Barbara Robson
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Extra resources for A Reference Grammar of Pashto
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Comrie, Bernard. 1975. The antiergative: Finland’s answer to Basque. Chicago Linguistic Society 11: 112–121. Corbett, Greville G. 1986. The use of the genitive or accusative for the direct object of negated verbs in Russian: A bibliography. In Case in Slavic, Richard D. Brecht & James S. Levine (eds), 361–372. Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers Inc. Donohue, Mark. 2008. Semantic alignment systems: what’s what, and what’s not. In The typology of semantic alignment, Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds), 24–75.
6. Concluding remarks and chapter summaries The issues dealt with in this volume appear in the literature under various headings. In this introduction we have mentioned differential marking, non-canonical marking, clause-type-specific marking and argument alternations. Each problem can be discussed separately, and for each notion we will find a number of 33 34 Axel Holvoet and Nicole Nau examples that match it. Still, we hope to have shown how closely all these problems are interrelated. The manifold interconnections lend a certain underlying unity to the articles brought together in the present volume.
The situation is, at any rate, more complicated than could appear at first sight. We have, in different languages, canonical two-place structures with nominative subjects and accusative objects. We can also imagine structures where the nominative and/or accusative are not assigned but language-internal evidence allows us to call the first argument a subject and the second argument an object. But there is also a third type of situation in which the type of case marking is non-canonical and grammatical relations are diffuse.