By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may possibly contend that to bowdlerize a good writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, might argue that each one modest humans can be in a position to learn a good paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and due to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has develop into eponymous along with his identify. on the other hand, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret in view that 1947 whilst those matches have been first obvious at the seashores of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the U.S. begun checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few stunned humans stated that the influence of the scanty suit on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating impact of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! an easier and extra credible proposal is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn via girls at the Bikini atoll.
Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened that means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a notice derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a well known diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health care provider who promoted a vitamin of flooring red meat.
A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of 1000's of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an pleasing and anecdotal sort, and with a foreword by way of Edwin Newman, the booklet encompasses a short biography of the person whose identify grew to become linked to an merchandise or inspiration in addition to details on how and whilst the identify entered the language.
If you've ever puzzled simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.
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Additional resources for A New Dictionary of Eponyms
Bowie, confined to a sick-bed, fought from his cot with only a knife in hand. But sheer numbers finally triumphed. Bowie, Crockett, and everyone else at the Alamo was killed in hand-to-hand combat by General Santa Anna's troops; they died bravely. Bowie, born in 1799, settled in Texas in 1828, when it was still Mexican land. He became friendly with the Mexican vice-governor, married his daughter, and acquired Mexican land grants. He became a Mexican citizen. Bowie was known to be unethical; he did not hesitate to dupe Mexicans.
In 1812 he was appointed chief secretary for Ireland. There he established the Irish Constabulary, which the Irish first nicknamed Orange Peel, for his support of the Protestant "Orangemen" and then peelers after the secretary's surname. In 1829, as home secretary, Peel created the Metropolitan Police. The common nickname for 33 London policemen became bobby, after Peel's given name, and it has been in use ever since. Peel became Britain's prime minister in 1834 and again in 1841. He abolished capital punishment for petty crimes and was responsible for the enactment of the Catholic Emancipation Bill (1829), which allowed Catholics to sit in Parliament.
The plant was named for Michel Begon by a French botanist, Charles Plumier, when it was first brought to England, sixty-seven years after Begon's death. The name given the plant, appropriately, was begonia. always went into battle without armor and was famed for the savagery and reckless fury with which he fought. In old Scandinavian, ber-serk probably meant "bear-shirt," that is, one clothed only in his shirt and not protected by armor or heavy clothing. Berserk's twelve sons, who like their father fought ferociously and recklessly, were called Berserkers.