A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental by Daniel Sivan

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By Daniel Sivan

Ugaritic, stumbled on in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay pills (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The records are of assorted kinds: literary, administrative, lexicological. various Ugaritic pills comprise parts of a poetic cycle referring to the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive records make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing vastly to our knowing of the heritage and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic global. this crucial reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew ebook (Beer Sheva, 1993), bargains with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The booklet includes additionally an appendix with textual content decisions.

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Extra info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)

Example text

Qu @ ]p[ (< bayqu) "bosom" (Ug 5 137 I,9'); mi-te [mi'tq (< mi'tay) "'0 hundred (of)" (PRU 111, p. l69,14). ay > ri ? 6 IV,22; cf. ] [l Sam. 10:14] and ;rg [Gen. 37:30] alongside ]:$D [Gen. 29:4]). S. independent pronoun (cf. Gordon 1965:361, no. 237, and also T O I, p. 264, n. n). aw > 6 - Throughout this work the resulting vowel is transcribed as 6, but the possibility remains that it might have been ii as in Akkadian. 107,lO; cf. n [Gen. 26:27 and elsewhere] with assimilation of the waw or the yod; cf.

G. from the root T r (< YD)"to go out" - g'i [gi'q "go out! 12 I,12). The change to g may have come about after the shift d > s took place (cf. Greenfield 1969:95; Garr 1986:48). 12 (cf. Blau 1972:71). 3 III,38,41,43,45) see inza, p. 28. > g - The Proto-Semitic consonant g is normally preserved in Ugaritic (as in Arabic). In other Semitic languages it shifts to (Biblical Hebrew and Akkadian) or t (Aramaic). 4 IV,51). 4 IV,33). Ugaritic is the only Northwest Semitic language in which the consonant g has been preserved.

Further assistance in determining vowels may be derived from the Akkadian syllabic texts written by Ugaritian scribes. In those texts there are embedded Ugaritic words (approximately 300 words) written in syllabic orthography which makes them useful for understanding the vowels of Ugaritic. Diphthongs The diphthongs ay, aw, &, uw all contracted without exception. The orthographies of words originally containing such diphthongs do not have a written yod or waw. ay > O - Although the resultant vowel is written 2 in the ensuing discussion, there is also the possibility that it might have been i as in Akkadian.

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