A Grammar of Modern Telugu by B. Krishnamurti, J. P. L. Gwynn

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By B. Krishnamurti, J. P. L. Gwynn

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It is not an inclusive history but a selective outline of changing conceptualizations, arguments and trends. e. ' An early treatment of this question was provided by Streitberg 1889. In his formulation, 'three main semantic categories govern the whole verbal system of the Slavonic as well as the Baltic dialects' (emphasis added): (1) The imperfective or durative or continuous aspect which gives the action in its uninterrupted duration or continuity; (2) The perfective or resultative aspect, which adds the additional notion of termination to the sense of the verb; (3) The iterative aspect, which gives the notion of its repetition.

Cf. also Dostál 1954:641, Pontoppidan-Sjövall 1959:63. 7. Cf. Chap. 2, pp. 31-33. Pontoppidan-Sjövall 1959 is among those who have continued to apply the objective : subjective division. Stiebitz's division, which is made also by Jacobsohn 1933, holds sway even in Panevová and Sgall 1972. 8. Here one might quote Lyons: 'As long as it is maintained that every identity or difference of grammatical structure must be matched with some corresponding identity or difference of meaning (however subtle and difficult to determine) there is a danger that either the grammatical description or the semantic, or both, will be distorted' (1968:135).

In all such fuzzy zones the non-deictic internal temporal features are seen here as the core of aspect, with the linear vs. punctual opposition at the very center of this core. It is in this sense that aspect is an operational cross-linguistic concept. 'A concept is always, as regards its form, some­ thing universal which serves as a rule' (Kant). This heuristic-investigative use of concept is not ontologically vulnerable, nor is it in conflict with the following two remarks on the word: (1) The nature of a concept as such is its internal (essential or definitive) relationships with other concepts, and (2) 'a concept is .

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